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WW2 Military Hospitals
European Theater of Operations

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View of a General Hospital, at Bayreuth, Germany, late August 45. The building was a former German 'Reserve-Lazarett (local reserve, or emergency hospital) which was taken over by American Occupation Forces. Revised post V-J Day hospitalization plans for Germany provided 38 Hospitals to serve the US Occupation Forces, including 8 General Hospitals - 10 Field Hospitals - and 1 Convalescent Hospital. By 1 Jan 46, this number was already down to 35 Hospitals, of which 16 were non-operational, awaiting re-deployment or inactivation. Mid-46, only 21 Hospitals remained with a total of 12,000 beds.

| Background Information | Convalescent Hospitals | Evacuation Hospitals | Field Hospitals |
| General Hospitals | Hospital Centers | Hospital Trains | Station Hospitals | Surgical Hospitals |
| Hospital Bed Capacity and Personnel Resources | Medical Supply Depots |
| Axuillary Surgical Groups | Separate Medical Battalions | Medical Ambulance Companies |
| Medical Clearing Companies | Medical Collecting Companies | Medical Depots | Medical Depot Companies |
| Medical Gas Treatment Battalions | Medical Groups | Medical Sanitary Companies |

The European Theater of Operations which was to conduct the US Army’s largest and most complex land campaign of WW2 and complete the destruction of Nazi Germany, had rather modest beginnings! In agreement with its Allies, the United States Government decided to deal with ‘Germany first’ …
The initial objective was to establish Army Forces in the British Isles in order to protect them from a possible enemy invasion; another objective was to relieve a number of British troops for operations in the Mediterranean, and to reinforce the Royal Air Force with aircraft and personnel.

US Military Observers were sent to Great Britain to keep abreast of British wartime technical developments and to study the overall British war effort (the United States was not yet at war). Late 1940, the Medical Department dispatched an official Observer (Col. Raymond W. Bliss) to report on Hospitalization and Evacuation methods. American medical help had already been sent in the form of a “Contagious Disease Treatment and Control Unit”, officially designated the American Red Cross – Harvard Field Hospital Unit including a laboratory, a 125-bed Hospital, and a number of mobile investigating teams. Their task was to assist the British Ministry of Health in combating outbreaks of paratyphoid, scabies, and other diseases which were a constant threat in the crowded and bomb damaged cities.

The first US Army Military Mission to England set up its Headquarters in London, on May 19, 1941. In charge was Maj. Gen. James E. Chaney (US Air Corps) who headed the delegation formerly designated “Special Observers Group” (SPOBS). Anything that was deemed – nice to know, or necessary to know – was investigated, collected, and requested. Medical and sanitary conditions, hospital distribution, medical organization, evacuation of wounded, preventive medicine, number of beds, medical emergencies, all this information was of utmost importance to the USWD in preparation of medical planning. In mid-September 1941, Col. Paul R. Hawley (MC) was transferred to the United Kingdom to draft and prepare full plans for an American medical build-up and support in Northern Ireland and the British Isles. After the attack against Pearl Harbor, the War Department activated the Headquarters, United States Army Forces in the British Isles (USAFBI), the date was January 8, 1942, Chief Surgeon was Col. Paul R. Hawley. The same month, i.e. on January 24, 1942, another organization was created, the United States Army Northern Ireland Force (USANIF).
The first US Army medical contingents were now about to enter the “European Theater of Operations”

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Partial view of a 600-bed Emergency Medical Services Hospital, at Bristol, England, May 42. This type of British medical installations located in the Western Base Section, was to be transferred to the US Army and turned into General or Station Hospitals. Similar facilities were also available in the Southern Base Section at places such as Taunton, Bath, Tidworth, Winchester, Oxford, and Cheltenham, and in the Eastern Base Section at Diddington, Mansfield, Newmarket, Nottingham, Histon, etc. The American medical build-up gathered momentum in summer and fall of 1942 with the steady increase of US troops in the European Theater ...   

Background Information:

Early World War 2 Period:

Furnishing hospitalization facilities for overseas areas became another phase of the US War Department plans. Projects to garrison the Atlantic Bases got under way early in 1941; a first medical group was sent to St. John’s, Newfoundland in January, and other groups followed to Trinidad and Bermuda in April. In the fall of 1941, the very first medical units were sent to Iceland.

During the period January - July 1942, inclusive, a large number of Hospital Units moved overseas: 2 Evacuation , 2 Surgical, 4 General, 14 Station Hospitals went to Australia – 2 Evacuation , 2 General, and 2 Station Hospitals were shipped to the South Pacific – 2 Station Hospitals were transferred to the Central Pacific – 1 General and 1 Station Hospital went to Northern Ireland – 1 General Hospital to Iceland – 2 General and 3 Station Hospitals to England – and more later embarked for India and northwest Canada.
In March 1942 the reorganization of the War Department, and the creation of three main Commands – Army Air Forces, Army Ground Forces, and Services of Supply (called ASF after March 1943), were to cause several conflicts within the United States Armed Forces. Within the War Department, and among some elements of the SOS, such as the Quartermaster Corps and the Medical Department, functions, responsibilities, authority, control, and matters of activation, training, and supply became critical subjects for constant review among AGF and SOS staff, leading to disputes about general planning for Hospitalization and Evacuation! Directives were issued June 18, 1942 compiling policies and procedures governing H & E, but were only finalized in November of the same year.
Meanwhile new Hospital Units were earmarked for special task forces and deployment to North Africa (Operation “Gymnast”), Northern Ireland (Operation “Magnet”), and England (Operation “Bolero”).

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July 43, typical view of British Militia or Home Guard Camp, transferred to the US Army for conversion into Hospitals. The plan negotiated between British and Americans provided for a total of 94,108 beds - 14,896 of them in former British and EMS Hospitals - 51,220 in newly constructed installations - and 27,992 in convertible troop camps (such as the one illustrated). The latter usually consisted of wooden cantonment-type constructions, which were mainly to serve as General Hospital plants until D-Day.

World War 2:

By March 15, 1943, the War Department had already shipped overseas, 140 Station, 27 General, 14 Field, 2 Convalescent, 3 Surgical, and 23 Evacuation Hospitals.  
The Surgeon General furnished adequately trained and equipped Army Service Forces Hospital units for the Theaters of Operations, where numbered Station, Field, and General Hospitals became the most important medical installations. In the years from June 30, 1943 to June 30, 1945 the Medical Department trained 189 General Hospitals, 74 Field Hospitals and 61 Station Hospitals for overseas service. In fiscal 1945, when the peak of overseas shipments occurred, the WD sent 81 General, 35 Field, and 8 Station Hospitals to the various Theaters of Operations. By May 1945, when the peak in Hospital beds overseas was reached, there were 335,000 fixed beds and about 87,000 mobile beds in all Theaters. The E.T.O. alone had approximately 700 Hospital units of all kinds in operation overseas at this time …
During the period June 30, 1943 to June 30, 1945, the MD’s task of hospitalizing sick and wounded personnel exceeded that of any previous period in the history of the U.S. Army. In that same period 5,050,718 Army patients were admitted to overseas Hospitals, and 6,002,013 to ZI Hospitals! The number of patients in Hospitals overseas increased from 47,446 on June 30, 1943 to 266,466 at the end of January 1945. Effective evacuation to the Zone of Interior reduced this number to 138,486 by June 30, 1945. Meanwhile, the number of Hospital patients in the United States increased from 167,713 on June 30, 1943 to a peak of 303,102 by June 30, 1945 (at this time, the number of authorized beds for all Hospitals in the ZI was only 314,588). To cope with this situation, The Surgeon General’s Hospital program revised the ZI Hospital system, developed and perfected a system of specialized General Hospitals, provided additional General and Convalescent Hospital beds, improved the overall administration of Hospitals, and inaugurated a program of increased standards of maintenance and improvement of Hospital facilities.

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Nissen-Hut 834-bed Station Hospital, located near Cheltenham, England, mid-July 1943. Hospital construction in Britain was lagging behind in 1943, and US implementation of the required bed capacity (about 90,600 fixed beds) proved impossible to meet. Revised plans were negotiated with the British Ministry of Works, and the new overall plan now called to resume construction of twelve 834-bed Sta Hosp, five 1,084-bed Gen Hosp, and thirty convertible Troop Camps; the first were mostly semicylindrical metal Nissen-Hut constructions with, if necessary, tented expansion wards; the second either existing or new fixed brick installations; while the last were either existing Emergency Medical Services buildings (EMS), British Militia camps, or dual-purpose installations.

Here follows a tentative list of Military Hospitals active in the European Theater of Operations:

Convalescent  Hospitals:

The Medical Department was impressed by the effectiveness of the British Convalescent & Rehabilitation system, and as a result of their survey, it ordered the building of special reconditioning camps. A first Rehabilitation Center opened on April 19, 1943 in Worcestershire, followed by a second on October 5, 1943 in Warwickshire. These centers were at first staffed by personnel from the 16th Station Hospital, reinforced by 5 Officers and 7 EM who had trained in British Convalescent camps. The 8th Convalescent Hospital took over temporarily, while the second Center started operations with 307th Station and 77th Station Hospital personnel. These projects effectively triggered activation of US Convalescent Hospitals in the ETO, later transformed into Convalescent Centers.

2d CONV HOSP – ETO 1 Nov 44 France
4th CONV HOSP - 16 Oct 43 USAFBI - ETO 28 Jun 44 France 2 Oct 44 Holland 26 Oct 44 Belgium - 22 Mar 45 Germany
6th CONV HOSP – ETO – Belgium - Germany
7th CONV HOSP – ETO – England - France - Germany
8th CONV HOSP – ETO 28 Apr 44 England – 9 Feb 45 France

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Schematic illustrating the classification of Field Medical Service by the different Echelons (Oct 42).
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Evacuation Hospitals:

2d EVAC HOSP – USANIF 27 Sep 42 – 6 Nov 42 England – 10 Feb 44 Wales – 29 Jun 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 31 Mar 45 Germany (ex-4th EVAC HOSP, disbanded 24 Aug 42, split in 2 different units, the 2d EVAC HOSP sent to Northern Ireland, 4 Sep 42, and the 48th EVAC HOSP transferred to India 18 Jan 43)
4th EVAC HOSP – 10 Feb 40 (disbanded 24 Aug 42, redesignated 2d EVAC HOSP, embarked for Northern Ireland 4 Sep 42, redesignated 48th EVAC HOSP, embarked for India 18 Jan 43)
5th EVAC HOSP – ETO 18 Dec 43 England – 15 Jun 44 France – 18 Sep 44 Belgium – 11 Mar 45 Germany (activated 15 Jun 42) (operated feeding point for transient RAMPS at Gotha) (inactivated 5 Mar 46 ZI)
6th EVAC HOSP – 10 Feb 40 (disbanded 24 Aug 42, redesignated 9th EVAC HOSP, embarked for England 26 Sep 42)
9th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 26 Sep 42 – 1 Nov 44 France (ex-6th EVAC HOSP, disbanded 24 Aug 42, supplied enlisted personnel to other units, including this Hospital)
11th EVAC HOSP – ETO 16 Aug 44 S. France – 29 Mar 45 Germany
12th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 29 Apr 43 - ETO – 23 Aug 44 France – 15 Jan 45 Luxembourg – 7 Apr 45 Germany (ex-19th EVAC HOSP, disbanded 25 Aug 42)
19th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 6 Jan 43 (disbanded 25 Aug 42, split in 2 newly designated units; 7th EVAC HOSP sent to Tongatabu 7 Apr 42, and the 12th EVAC HOSP transferred to England)
24th EVAC HOSP – ETO 29 Jan 44 England - 14 Jun 44 France – 9 Sep 44 Belgium – 8 Oct 44 Holland – 3 Dec 44 Belgium - 19 Dec 44 Germany (inactivated 4 Feb 46)
27th EVAC HOSP – MTO 20 Apr 44 Algeria – 22 May 44 Italy – 1 Sep 44 Southern France – 25 Mar 45 Germany  (to ETO control 1 Nov 44, shipped to ZI 28 Nov 45, inactivated 10 Dec 45 ZI)
32d EVAC HOSP – USANIF 24 Feb 44 – 12 Mar 44 England – 29 Apr 44 Wales – 12 Jun 44 France – 5 Feb 45 Germany
34th EVAC HOSP – ETO 27 Feb 44 – 23 Jun 44 France – 2 Feb 45 Luxembourg – Mar 45 Germany
35th EVAC HOSP – ETO 19 Feb 44 England – 24 Jun 44 France – 28 Dec 44 Luxembourg  –  6 Mar 45 Germany
38th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 16 Aug 42 – transferred to MTO 9 Nov 42 – 13 Nov 42 Algeria – 4 May 43 Tunisia – 29 Sep 43 Italy (activated 15 Apr 42) (inactivated 8 Sep 45 in Italy)
39th EVAC HOSP – ETO 18 Feb 44 England – 21 Jul 44 France – 24 Dec 44 Belgium – 5 Mar 45 Luxembourg – 24 Mar 45 Germany – 16 Sep 45 France (returned to ZI, 1 Nov 45, where inactivated 14 Nov 45)
41st EVAC HOSP – USAFBI  22 Nov 43 - ETO 14 Jun 44 France – 12 Sep 44 Belgium – 24 Sep 44 Holland – 4 Mar 45 Germany (activated 1 Jun 41) (Separate Detachments operated 20 PW + RAMP Hospitals starting 2 May 45) (Official operations closed 26 Apr 45, unit returned to ZI 20 Nov 45)
42d EVAC HOSP – 1 Jun 41 (disbanded 15 Oct 42, partly split in 2 separate units; the newly designated 27th EVAC HOSP, embarked for North Africa 3 Apr 44, and the designated 77th EVAC HOSP, which embarked for England 5 Aug 42)
44th EVAC HOSP – USFBI 26 Nov 43 - ETO 19 Jun 44 France12 Sep 44 Belgium9 Feb 45 Germany23 Sep 45 France (medical support to former KZ-Nordhausen inmates from 16 Apr to 4 May 45, to ZI 10 Nov 45, and inactivated 21 Nov 45)
45th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 24 Nov 43 – ETO 16 Jun 44 France – 16 Sep 44 Belgium – 5 Mar 45 Germany – 10 Nov 45 France (operated as Station Hospital at KZ-Buchenwald starting 28 Apr 45) (returned to ZI and arrived at Cp Myles Standish, ZI, 20 Nov 45)
51st EVAC HOSP – 27 Aug 44 Southern France – 27 Mar 45 Germany – Oct-Nov 45 France (inactivated in ZI Jan 46)
59th EVAC HOSP – MTO 25 Aug 44 Southern France – 26 Mar 45 Germany (after serving in French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, and Southern France, the unit was transferred from NATOUSA to ETOUSA, 1 Nov 44; on 10 May 45, part of the Hospital staff was detailed to the recently liberated KZ-Dachau, where the 59th EVAC HOSP C.O. was assigned as Camp Surgeon, assisted by personnel of the 116th EVAC and 127th EVAC HOSP)
65th EVAC HOSP – ETO 44 France – Belgium - Germany
67th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 29 Nov 43 - ETO 19 Jun 44 France – 24 Sep 44 Luxembourg - 31 Oct 44 Belgium – 14 Feb 45 Germany – 13 May 45 Czechoslovakia – 16 Aug 45 Germany – 30 Nov 45 France (responsible for feeding of non-patient RAMPS, awaiting air evacuation at Weimar airstrip) (returned to ZI where inactivated at Cp. Kilmer, New Jersey, 2 Jan 46)
77th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 4 Sep 42 – ETO 27 Dec 43 England – 18 Jul 44 France – 13 Oct 44 Belgium – 25 Mar 45 Germany – Jul 45 France (ex-42d EVAC HOSP, disbanded 15 Oct 42)
91st EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 8 Nov 43 – ETO 10 Jun 44 France – 7 Sep 44 Holland - 15 March 44 Germany (ex-6th SURG HOSP, to ZI 2 Sep 45)
93d EVAC HOSP – ETO Nov 44 – Jan 45 France – Germany (ex-61st SURG HOSP)
95th EVAC HOSP – ETO 1 Nov 44 – France (ex-74th SURG HOSP)  
96th EVAC HOSP USAFBI 28 Feb 44 ETO 16 Jun 44 France 28 Sep 44 Belgium 22 Nov 44 Germany 27 Dec 44 Belgium 25 Feb 45 Germany (ex-8th SURG HOSP, 96th EVAC HOSP inactivated 11 Mar 45) (responsible for feeding and servicing of non-patient RAMPS at Merseburg airstrip)
97th EVAC HOSP Jan 44 England - ETO 17 Jun 44 France Dec 44 Belgium Mar 45 Germany (responsible for PWs and DPs, operated feeding point for transient RAMPS at Weimar airstrip > 5 to 8 May 45) (redeployed to join the 91st EVAC HOSP for duty in the PTO, redirected to ZI for inactivation Oct 45)
100th EVAC HOSP – ETO 24 Feb 44 England – 23 Jul 44 France – 9 Oct 44 Luxembourg – 13 Oct 44 Belgium – 6 Feb 45 Holland – 23 Mar 45 Germany (activated Feb 43 ZI)
101st EVAC HOSP – ETO 12 Jul 44 France – 31 Dec 44 Belgium – 7 Feb 45 Luxembourg – 13 Mar 45 Germany
102d EVAC HOSP – ETO 20 Apr 44 England – 23 Jul 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 19 Nov 44 Luxembourg – 22 Dec 44 Belgium – 5 Feb 45 Germany
103d EVAC HOSP – ETO 20 Jul 44 France – 6 Mar 45 Germany
104th EVAC HOSP – ETO14 Jul 44 France – Central Europe
105th EVAC HOSP –ETO 3 Sep 44 England – 5 Oct 44 France – 16 Oct 44 Holland – 16 Oct 44 Belgium – 28 Oct 44 Holland – 8 Mar 45 Germany (activated 1 Apr 43) (a small contingent of the 105th EVAC HOSP went to KZ-Bergen-Belsen 15 Apr 45) (inactivated 21 Nov 45 ZI)
106th EVAC HOSP – ETO 21 Jul 44 France – Germany
107th EVAC HOSP USAFBI 43 ETO 9 Jun 44 France 1 Oct 44 Luxembourg 17 Dec 44 Belgium 22 Dec 44 France - 21 Jan 45 Belgium 1 Mar 45 Luxembourg 16 Mar 45 Germany (helped with medical care at KZ-Buchenwald starting 22 Apr 45)
108th EVAC HOSP – ETO 18 Apr 45 Germany
109th EVAC HOSP – ETO 2 Jun 44 England – 21 Jul 44 France
110th EVAC HOSP – ETO 25 Aug 44 France – 31 Sep 44 Luxembourg – 17 Dec 44 Belgium – Mar 45 Germany
111th EVAC HOSP – ETO Oct 44 Holland
116th EVAC HOSP – ETO – 6 Nov 44 France – 28 Mar 45 Germany (also provided medical assistance to former inmates of KZ-Dachau, May + June 45) – 14 Aug 45 France – 21 Sep 45 Germany
117th EVAC HOSP – ETO 44 France - Germany
118th EVAC HOSP – ETO Apr 45 Germany (responsible for PWs, DPs and RAMPS servicing)
120th EVAC HOSP – ETO 21 Dec 44 England – 6 Mar 45 France – 30 Mar 45 Germany (took over SS-barracks and arranged for medical treatment of former inmates, political prisoners, and slave-laborers at KZ-Buchenwald, as from 5 Apr 45 onwards, assigned to provide medical care of DPs in certain areas of Germany, as from 29 Apr 45, relieved by 7th FLD HOSP 2 Jun 45)
121st EVAC HOSP – ETO – Germany - Austria (responsible for medical treatment of former inmates at KZ-Flossenburg)
122d EVAC HOSP – ETO
123d EVAC HOSP – ETO Jan 45 France – Mar 45 Germany – Jul 45 France - Sep 45 Germany
124th EVAC HOSP – ETO Apr 44 England – France – 17 Sep 44 Belgium – 27 Sep 45 Germany
126th EVAC HOSP – ETO 1 May 45 Germany (responsible for PW, DPs and RAMPS servicing)
127th EVAC HOSP – ETO 30 Apr 45 Germany (responsible for treatment of former inmates, prisoners and slave-laborers at KZ-Dachau)
128th EVAC HOSP - USAFBI 18 Oct 42 England - 22 Oct 42 Scotland - 8 Nov 42 Algeria - 18 Apr 43 Tunisia - 30 Jul 43 Sicily - 26 Nov 43 England - 10 Jun 44 France - 14 Sep 44 Belgium - 1 Dec 44 Germany - 23 Dec 44 Belgium - 9 Mar 45 Germany - 29 Nov 45 France (to ZI 28 Dec 45, and inactivated 12 Jan 46)
130th EVAC HOSP – ETO 15 Dec 44 England – 15 Mar 45 France – 2 May 45 Germany 15 May 45 Austria (responsible for treatment of RAMPs at Stalag VII-A Moosburg PW Camp, as from 2 May 45, and later responsible for DPs, and former inmates of KZ-Mauthausen effective 15 May 45 onward, unit later replaced by the 59th FLD HOSP 16 Jun 45, returned to France 22 Jun 45, sailed for ZI, arrived Cp. Kilmer 6 Aug 45 and inactivated 5 Nov 45)
131st EVAC HOSP – ETO Jan 44 England – Jul 44 France – Apr 45 Germany – 9 May 45 Austria – 25 Jun 45 France (set up at KZ-Mauthausen, for treating & servicing DPs,  worked alongside the 130th EVAC HOSP and provided medical support at KZ-Gusen I (subcamp Mauthausen) later replaced by the 59th FLD HOSP and the 616th MED CLR CO, which started operating 15 Jun 45, returned to France 23 Jun 45, in fact already inactivated 16 Jun 45)
132d EVAC HOSP – ETO – France
139th EVAC HOSP – ETO 44 Germany – 45 Austria  
172d EVAC HOSP – ETO

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Sketch showing conventional arrangement of an Evacuation Hospital (such basic unit would comprise up to 27 tents).
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Field Hospitals:

6th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 - ETO Jun-Jul 44 England (operated as Air Holding Unit at Prestwick, AAF-500, until 18 Aug 45)
7th FLD HOSP – USANIF 14 Sep 43 – USAFBI 26 Oct 43 – ETO 3 Jul 44 France – 25 Feb 45 Belgium – 27 Mar 45 Germany (activated 10 Sep 43)(opened 2 separate Hospitals in the UK, on 9 Nov 43 and 22 Dec 43) (later operated as 3 independent Hospitalization Units in France and Germany) (inactivated 15 Nov 45 Germany)
8th FLD HOSP – USAFBI Nov 42 - ETO 27 Jun 44 France – 24 Mar 45 Holland – 12 Apr 45 Germany – 24 Jun 45 Southern France
9th FLD HOSP – USANIF Dec 43 – ETO May 44 England - 12 Jul 44 France – 9 Sep 44 Belgium – Germany – 1 Dec 45 France
10th FLD HOSP – ETO 1 Nov 44 France (inactivated 4 Nov 45 at Cp. Myles Standish, ZI)
11th FLD HOSP – ETO 1 Nov 44 France – 26 Mar 45 Germany (returned to ZI 11 Nov 45, where inactivated at Cp. Myles Standish, 21 Nov 45)
12th FLD HOSP – ETO Oct 43 England – 27 Jun 44 France – 26 Sep 44 Belgium – 10 Feb 45 Germany – 30 Jun 45 France – 20 Oct 45 Belgium (established a 3,000-bed PW-Hospital)
13th FLD HOSP ETO England - 7 Jun 44 France 15 Aug 45 Germany
14th FLD HOSP – ETO 44
16th FLD HOSP – ETO 17 Mar 44 England – 24 Jul 44 France - Germany
24th FLD HOSP – ETO Jun 44 France – Belgium
26th FLD HOSP – ETO 18 Feb 45 France
28th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) 22 Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 – ETO May 44 England – 16 Aug 44 France – 24 Mar 45 Germany – 26 May 45 Austria – 2 Sep 45 Germany
29th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) 15-22 Aug 43 – ZI 12 Feb 44 –  ETO 16 Jun 44 England – 28 Aug 44 France – 18 Nov 44 Belgium – 26 Apr 45 Germany (when serving on Kiska, it operated together with the 28th FLD HOSP) (in Germany, the 29th FLD HOSP set up Hospitals at PW Transient Enclosures)
30th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) 15 Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 - ETO 15 May 44 England – 14 Aug 44 France – 28 Feb 45 Germany
39th FLD HOSP – ETO 11 Mar 44 England – 22 Jun 44 France – 30 Sep 44 Belgium – 11 Mar 45 Holland – 30 Mar 45 Belgium - 24 Apr 45 Germany – 18 Jun 45 France (first assignment to Ninth US Air Force/IX Army Air Force Service Command (AAF Sta 519), as a USAAF Hospital, each of the 3 Platoons operated as ‘separate’ Air Force Clearing Stations)
40th FLD HOSP - ETO 11 Mar 44 England (first assignment to Ninth US Air Force/IX Troop Carrier Command, as a USAAF Hospital, only 2 out of 3 Platoons were assigned to the IX TCC, each of the 2 Platoons operated as 'separate' Air Force Clearing Stations) no further data available re service on the Continent after D-Day
42d FLD HOSP – ETO Mar 44 England – 8 Jun 44 France – 17 Sep 44 Holland - 16 Dec 44 Belgium – 24 Dec 44 France - 9 Jan 45 Belgium – 13 Apr 45 Germany
43d FLD HOSP – USAFBI Dec 43
45th FLD HOSP ETO 10 Mar 44 England – 10 Jun 44 France – Sep 44 Belgium – 15 May 45 Czechoslovakia – 20 Nov 45 Germany (returned to Zone of Interior 6 Feb 46, where inactivated at Cp. Kilmer, New Jersey, ZI, 17 Feb 46)
46th FLD HOSP – ETO 44 England – France - Belgium
47th FLD HOSP – ETO 1 Sep 44 France – 7 Sep 44 Belgium – 1 Oct 44 Holland – 27 Oct 44 Belgium – 20 Mar 45 Germany – 16 Jul 45 Austria – 12 Sep 45 Germany
48th FLD HOSP –ETO 16 Apr 44 England – 16 Jul 44 France (inactive) – 3 Oct 44 Belgium – 31 Oct 44 Holland – 16 Nov 44 Belgium – 25 Nov 44 Germany – 3 Dec 44 Belgium – 31 Dec 44 Germany – 11 Nov 45 France (departed for ZI 25 Nov 45)
50th FLD HOSP- ETO 9 Mar 44 England - 12 Sep 44 France – 17 Sep 44 Holland – 27 Sep 44 Belgium – 14 Oct 44 Holland – 8 Apr 45 Germany – 14 Jul 45 France
51st FLD HOSP – ETO 9 Mar 44 England - 8 Jun 44 France – 9 Sep 44 Belgium – 16 Sep 44 Germany – 29 Dec 44 Belgium – 10 Feb 45 Germany
53d FLD HOSP – ETO 27 Apr 44 England – 15 Jul 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 14 Oct 44 Holland – 12 Dec 44 Germany (ex-229th STA HOSP, attached to 31st Med Gp in Germany, all 3 Hospital Units ceased operations between 13 and 15 Jul 45, to ZI 10 Nov 45 out of France)
54th FLD HOSP – ETO Oct 44 France
56th FLD HOSP - ETO 11 Mar 44 England - 7 Apr 45 Belgium - 8 Apr 45 Germany (first assignment to Ninth US Air Force, as a USAAF Hospital, each of the 3 Platoons operated as 'separate' Air Force Clearing Stations - Lt. Col. Coughlin > CO, coordinated and supervised all 9 Platoons of the 3 Ninth Air Force Field Hospitals in order to achieve similar personnel organization, equal material proportions, and identical functions in medical practice)
57th FLD HOSP - ETO 14 Mar 44 Scotland/England - Jul 44 France
59th FLD HOSP ETO 2 Aug 44 France May 45 Germany
60th FLD HOSP – ETO France - Belgium
61st FLD HOSP – ETO – England - Germany
62d FLD HOSP – ETO 44 England – Germany
63d FLD HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England - France – Feb 45 Germany (returned to ZI 1 Feb 45)
64th FLD HOSP – ETO 18 Nov 44 England – France – Germany (to SWPA 16 Aug 45, diverted at sea to ZI 25 Aug 45)
65th FLD HOSP – ETO 44 Belgium – Luxembourg – Germany - Austria
66th FLD HOSP – ETO – Belgium - Germany
67th FLD HOSP – ETO 25 Oct 44 France – 17 Dec 44 Belgium – Dec 44 Holland – 25 Mar 45 Germany (disbanded ZI Jun 46)
77th FLD HOSP – ETO 8 Apr 45 France (admitted RAMPs for treatment May 45)
78th FLD HOSP- ETO – England – Italy – France - Germany
79th FLD HOSP- ETO 9 Jan 45 England – 26 Mar 45 France – 17 Apr 45 Germany (activated ZI 21 Sep 44) (redeployed for service in the Philippines 11 Aug 45, redirected to ZI 15 Aug 45, transferred to ASF Tng Cen, Cp Crowder, Missouri, 17 Oct 45, unit absorbed by Mayo Gen Hosp 9 Nov 45)
83d FLD HOSP – ETO – Germany
84th FLD HOSP – ETO May 45 Germany
96th FLD HOSP – ETO - France

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Nurses of the 13th Field Hospital (First US Army), at Omaha Beach, France. The 13th landed on 7 Jun 44, followed by the 51st Fld Hosp. These units brought the first Army Nurses to the Beachhead. After collecting their equipment scattered on the congested and only partially organized beaches, the 13th Fld Hosp went into operation near the coast on 10 Jun 44. During the first days ashore, the unit functioned as an Evacuation Hospital, receiving and treating all types of patients, supported by Auxiliary Surgical Teams provided by the 5th Engineer Special Brigade (ESB) Clearing Stations.

General Hospitals:

1st GEN HOSP – USAFBI 28 Dec 43 - ETO 16 Jun 44 England – Sep 44 France (activated 10 Jun 43, returned to ZI Oct 45)
2d GEN HOSP – USANIF 1 Jul 42 - USAFBI 17 Jul 42 - ETO Jul 44 France – 25 Dec 44 Luxembourg – 12 Jan 45 France (ex-209th GEN HOSP) (2d GEN HOSP, supplied cadres for other units, such as the 23d STA HOSP) (inactivated ZI 12 Oct 45)
3d GEN HOSP – MTO 12 May 43 French Morocco – 13 Jul 43 Tunisia – 14 May 44 Italy – 9 Oct 44 France (to ETO 20 Nov 44)
5th GEN HOSP – USANIF 4 Mar 42 + 12 May 42 – USAFBI 21 May 42 - 6 Jul 44 France (on their way across the Atlantic, the ship transporting the main body developed problems and returned to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and later to Boston P/E, embarked again for Northern Ireland where it arrived 12 May 42) (ex-66th GEN HOSP)
7th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 5 Dec 43 England (activated 10 Jun 43)
15th GEN HOSP – ETO 21 Sep 44 Belgium
16th GEN HOSP – ETO 7 Jul 44 England – 24 Jun 45 France - Belgium
19th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 5 Sep 43 - ETO 20 Aug 44 France  (activated 24 Jul 42)
21st GEN HOSP – USAFBI 20 Oct 42 – MTO – 44 Italy - ETO 4 Oct 44 France – 28 Oct 44 Belgium – 7 Jan 45 Germany (to ZI 28 Oct 45, inactivated 7 Nov 45)
22d GEN HOSP – ETO 14 Jun 44 England
23d GEN HOSP MTO 28 Oct 43 17 Nov 43 Italy 5 Nov 44 France (transferred from MTO to ETO 20 Nov 44) (returned to ZI Oct 45)
25th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 23 Dec 43 - ETO Nov 44 France – 3 Mar 45 Belgium (activated 10 Jun 43)
26th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 20 Oct 42 (inactivated 15 Sep 45)  (activated 1 Feb 42, inactivated 15 Sep 45)
28th GEN HOSP – USAFBI – 15 Jan 44 England – 3 Jul 44 France - 5 Oct 44 Belgium (reopened 13 Jul 45 in France) (reactivated at Osaka, Japan, 1 Dec 46) (returned to the ZI and eventually set up again France from 1953 to 1966)
30th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 4 Jul 42 - ETO 21 Jul 44 France - 1 Nov 44 Belgium (ex-207th GEN HOSP, supplied cadres for other units, returned to ZI 4 Oct 45)
32d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 5 Sep 43 - ETO 17 Aug 44 France – Nov 44 Belgium – 3 Mar 45 Germany – 12 Aug 45 France (activated 15 Jan 43, to ZI 3 Oct 45)
34th GEN HOSP - ETO 17 Jul 44 England (remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of its overseas service, boarded the “Queen Elizabeth” 4 Aug 45 for return to the ZI) (activated 25 Jul 42)
36th GEN HOSP – MTO 44 Italy - ETO 9 Sep 44 (activated 28 May 43) (returned to ZI Oct 45)
39th GEN HOSP – ETO - France (activated 15 Jul 42)
40th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 France (returned to ZI Aug 45)
42d GEN HOSP – ETO – France (activated 20 Apr 42)
43d GEN HOSP – MTO 44 Algeria - ETO 19 Sep 44 (activated 1 Sep 42) (transferred to Southern France, where it operated under ETO jurisdiction)
44th GEN HOSP – ETO - France (activated 15 Jan 43)
46th GEN HOSP – MTO 44 Algeria - ETO 8 Sep 44 (activated 15 Jul 42)
47th GEN HOSP – ETO Aug 44 France – Belgium (activated 10 Jun 43)
48th GEN HOSP – ETO Apr 44 England – 23 Sep 44 France – Germany – Austria (reopened in France 23 Jun 45)
50th GEN HOSP - USAFBI 29 Dec 43 – 15 Jul 44 France (activated 4 Sep 42) (inactivated 27 Oct 45 ZI)
52d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 12 Jan 43 – ETO 15 Apr 43 England (activated 1 Sep 42, inactivated in the UK 24 Aug 45)
53d GEN HOSP - ETO 9 Jan 44 England (activated 10 Feb 41)
55th GEN HOSP – ETO 3 Jul 44 England – 1 Jul 45 France
56th GEN HOSP – ETO 17 Oct 43 England – 1 Nov 44 Belgium (activated 1 Feb 41)
58th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 3 Dec 43 - ETO 8 Sep 44 France (activated 15 Jan 43)
61st GEN HOSP - ETO England
62d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 8 Mar 44 – 3 Sep 44 France (ceased operations Jul 45)
63d GEN HOSP USAFBI Jan 43 ETO 44 (supplied enlisted personnel to affiliated units that embarked for overseas between Jan-Jul 42, embarked for overseas 15 Jan 43)
65th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 13 Oct 43 (activated 15 Jul 42)
67th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 24 Nov 42 (activated 1 Sep 42)
68th GEN HOSP – ETO 10 May 44 England – 24 Jun 45 France
74th GEN HOSP – ETO 6 Apr 44 England (although arrived 7 Mar 44 in the UK, only Det A operational, supplemented + relieved 7th FLD HOSP up to 30 May 44) (74th GEN HOSP became fully operational from 10 May 44 until closed for operations 21 May 45) (reopened 2 Jul 45 in France)
76th GEN HOSP – ETO Mar 44 England – Jul 44 France – Nov 44 Belgium (activated 28 Sep 42) (inactivated 7 Nov 45)
78th GEN HOSP – ETO - England
79th GEN HOSP – USANIF 19 Oct 43 - England (remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of the war, closed down 4 May 45, but subsequently reopened in France 21 Jun 45)
81st GEN HOSP - ETO England – 1 Jul 45 France
82d GEN HOSP – ETO 31 Mar 44 England (part of the 6810th HOSP CEN (Prov) 23 Sep 44, redesignated 804th HOSP CEN; which later became the VI (US) HOSP GP (Prov), after 28 Sep 44 converted to HOSP for treatment of enemy PWs, ceased operations 23 May 45) (reopened 27 Aug 45 in France)
83d GEN HOSP – ETO England – 24 Jun 45 France
90th GEN HOSP – ETO 4 Apr 44 England - ETO 18 Oct 44 France
91st GEN HOSP – ETO 29 Apr 44 England – 26 Sep 44 France – 6 Oct 45 Belgium (priority for treatment of RAMPs effective 23 Apr 45, inactivated Cp. Kilmer, ZI, 28 Jan 46)
93d GEN HOSP - USANIF 7 Apr 44 Northern Ireland – ETO 14 May 44 England (activated 25 Jun 43) (closed for operations 17 Sep 45, return to ZI)
94th GEN HOSP - ETO 1 Apr 44 England – 1 Jul 45 France (activated 25 Sep 42)
95th GEN HOSP ETO Mar 44 England Aug 44 France late 44 Belgium (part of the 819th HOSP CEN 18-28 Oct 44, went into strategic reserve Jun 45 in France)
96th GEN HOSP – ETO 9 Jan 44 England (possessed psychiatric facilities for prolonged treatment and rehabilitation of patients)
97th GEN HOSP – ETO 3 Apr 44 England – 4 Jul 45 France – 30 Jul 45 Germany (part of US Occupation Forces in Germany)
98th GEN HOSP – ETO – France – 21 Jul 45 Germany
99th GEN HOSP – ETO 12 Jun 44 England – 29 Sep 44 France
100th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 14 Apr 43 – 16 May 44 England22 Aug 44 France (returned to ZI 20 Aug 45)
101st GEN HOSP – ETO England – 10 Jul 45 Germany
102d GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England
103d GEN HOSP – ETO 7 Aug 44 England
104th GEN HOSP – ETO 20 Jul 44 England (ex-285th STA HOSP activated 15 Jul 43, reorganized & redesignated 104th GEN HOSP 23 Dec 43)
106th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England
107th GEN HOSP - ETO 18 Aug 44 England
108th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 17 Oct 43 – 29 Jul 44 France (FIRST Hospital to enter Paris on 29 Aug 44, and to open in the French Capital on 2 Sep 44, designated to study the ‘Trenchfoot’ problem on behalf of US Army, treated a lot of German PW patients at the 'Beaujon Hospital')
109th GEN HOSP - ETO England
110th GEN HOSP - ETO Nov 44 England  
111th GEN HOSP – ETO England
112th GEN HOSP – ETO 8 Jul 44 England (activated 23 Dec 43, returned to ZI 15 Jun 45, inactivated 4 Oct 45)
114th GEN HOSP - ETO England
115th GEN HOSP - ETO 10 Nov 45 England – 26 Nov 45 Germany
116th GEN HOSP - ETO England – 24 Jun 45 Germany
117th GEN HOSP – ETO 5 Aug 44 England
119th GEN HOSP - ETO Aug 44 England
121st GEN HOSP – ETO 4 Sep 44 England – 26 Jul 45 Germany (to SWPA, diverted to ETO / Germany Jul 45)
122d GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Aug 44 England
123d GEN HOSP - ETO 3 Aug 44 England
124th GEN HOSP – ETO Jul 44 England – 10 Aug 45 Austria
125th GEN HOSP – ETO 8 Jan 45 England – 14 Mar 45 France – 5 Apr 45 Germany – 30 Jun 45 France – 24 Sep 45 Germany (activated 27 Mar 44)
127th GEN HOSP – ETO 20 Aug 44 France
122d GEN HOSP ETO 7 Aug 44 England
129th GEN HOSP - ETO Jul 44 England
130th GEN HOSP – ETO England – France – Nov 44 Belgium (NP HOSP maintaining psychiatric services and treatment facilities)
131st GEN HOSP - ETO 1 Aug 44 England
134th GEN HOSP – ETO Apr 44 England
135th GEN HOSP - USANIF 42 - ETO Jul 44 England
137th GEN HOSP – ETO 44 England
140th GEN HOSP – ETO England
141st GEN HOSP - USAFBI Oct 43 - ETO Jun 44 France
152d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 43
154th GEN HOSP - ETO Jun 44 England
155th GEN HOSP - USAFBI Sep 43 – ETO 29 Jul 44 England (inactivated 21 Sep 45)
156th GEN HOSP - USAFBI Jul 43 - ETO 19 Jun 44 England
157th GEN HOSP - USFBI Dec 43 - ETO Aug 44 England  
158th GEN HOSP - ETO Apr 44 England

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Partial view of the 76th General Hospital, near Liège, Belgium. Picture taken during winter 1944-45. The tented 76th Gen Hosp was hard hit on 8 Jan 45, when a V-1 'buzz bomb' struck the area, killing 24 patients and staff, injuring another 20, and causing heavy damage to installations and equipment. The unit, and most others hospitals that were hit in the region, cared for their own casualties, cleared away rubble, and kept on working ... 

159th GEN HOSP - ETO May 44 England  
160th GEN HOSP - ETO Feb 44 England
162d GEN HOSP – ETO 7 Sep 44 England (assigned to the 805th HOSP CEN 22 Dec 44, effective 1 May 45, prepared for reception, processing, maintenance and disposition of RAMPs)
163d GEN HOSP ETO 5 Oct 44 England (closed down early 1946)
164th GEN HOSP – ETO 24 Sep 44 France (first Gen Hosp to arrive in France, together with the 165th Gen Hosp, expanded to 200-bed capacity 29 Nov 44, transferred to Marseilles Staging Area for possible assignment to Pacific Theater, after V-J Day shipped to ZI 23 Aug 45, arrived at Newport News 2 Sep 45, inactivated 9 Nov 45)
165th GEN HOSP – ETO 9 May 45 France
166th GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jul 45 France (temporarily converted to hospital care for German PWs) (established in Germany where it began operations 11 Jun 46)
167th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 France
168th GEN HOSP – ETO 29 Jan 45 France
169th GEN HOSP - ETO Jul 44 England
170th GEN HOSP – ETO 30 Sep 44 England – 21 Nov 44 France (inactivated, 29 Jun 45) (reopened 1 Aug 45 in France and closed down 21 Sep 45)
173d GEN HOSP - ETO 15 Feb 45 France
174th GEN HOSP - ETO Aug 44 France
176th GEN HOSP - ETO Oct 44 France
177th GEN HOSP - ETO Oct 44 France
178th GEN HOSP - ETO Aug 44 France
179th GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Sep 45 France (admitted 837 RAMPs for further treatment Apr/May 45)
180th GEN HOSP - ETO Aug 44 France – 9 May 45 Germany (inactivated in France 31 Jan 46)
182d GEN HOSP – ETO 5 Apr 44 England (assisted by the 682d General Hospital Complementary Unit, active from 16 May 44 to 31 Oct 45 in the UK, designated Prison Hospital for all US Army Prisoners in the Western Base from 7 Jun 44 onwards, closed down 11 Jun 45, but only effective 16 Jun 45, later successively assigned to 804th HOSP CEN, 12th HOSP CEN, 802d HOSP CEN, 905th HOSP CEN, and 805th HOSP CEN in the UK)
185th GEN HOSP - USFBI Mar 43 - ETO Apr 44 England 
186th GEN HOSP - USAFBI Mar 43 - ETO Apr 44 England
187th GEN HOSP - ETO Apr 44 England - France - Belgium
188th GEN HOSP – ETO 14 Jun 44 England – 4 Oct 45 France (attached to 15th HOSP CEN in the UK 13 May 44) (closed 16 Jul 45, returned to ZI 6 Dec 45)
189th GEN HOSP – ETO 13 Oct 44 England (not operational) – 17 Nov 44 France (already landed on Omaha Beach, Normandy, 15 Oct 44) (remained in France for the duration of the war)
190th GEN HOSP - ETO Sep 44 France (disbanded 15 Mar 45) 
191st GEN HOSP - ETO 3 Oct 44 England - 20 Dec 44 France (returned to ZI 23 Dec 45, and inactivated 9 Jan 46) 
192d GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England
193d GEN HOSP - ETO Jul 44 France
194th GEN HOSP - ETO 9 Nov 44 England – 26 Dec 44 France – 1 Oct 45 Belgium (returned to ZI 45)
195th GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Feb 45 France
196th GEN HOSP - ETO 30 Apr 45 France
197th GEN HOSP - ETO 14 Feb 45 France
198th GEN HOSP - ETO 12 Feb 45 France
199th GEN HOSP - ETO Nov 44 France
200th GEN HOSP - ETO 10 Feb 45 France
201st GEN HOSP – ETO 7 Nov 44 England – 26 Dec 44 France
202d GEN HOSP - ETO 29 Jan 45 France (opened but only effectively operating 15 May 45)
203d GEN HOSP – USAFBI 8 Jan 44 - ETO 22 Jul 44 France – 4 Aug 45 Belgium – 14 Sep 45 France (to ZI 18 Nov 45, arrived 29 Nov 45, and inactivated)
207th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 4 Jun 42 (activated 10 Feb 41, inactivated 15 Jan 43, disbanded 11 Nov 44)
209th GEN HOSP – USAFBI Jul 42 England (activated 1 Jun 41, inactivated 10 Jun 43, disbanded 11 Nov 44)
216th GEN HOSP – ETO 29 Mar 44 England – 17 Jun 45 France – 12 Sep 45 Germany (activated 1 Jun 41, redesignated 387th STA HOSP 1 Apr 46 in Germany)
217th GEN HOSP – ETO Mar 44 – 6 Sep 44 France (activated 1 Jun 41, ceased operations Jul 45) (admitted 1,098 RAMPs for further treatment Apr/May 45)
220th GEN HOSP – ETO 6 Feb 45 England (no debarkation, moved on to France, where landed 8 Feb 45) – 23 Mar 45 France (activated 28 Sep 44) (closed for operations 19 Nov 45, returned to ZI 21 Nov 45)
221st GEN HOSP – ETO 12 Feb 45 France
224th GEN HOSP - ETO 7 Feb 45 France
226th GEN HOSP - ETO 5 Mar 45 France
227th GEN HOSP - ETO Dec 44 France
228th GEN HOSP - ETO Jan 45 France
229th GEN HOSP - ETO Feb 45 France
230th GEN HOSP - ETO 7 May 45 France
231st GEN HOSP - ETO Feb 45 France
235th GEN HOSP - ETO Dec 44 France
236th GEN HOSP - ETO 23 Mar 45 France
237th GEN HOSP - ETO Dec 44 France
238th GEN HOSP - ETO 29 Apr 45 Belgium
239th GEN HOSP - ETO 2 Feb 45 France
240th GEN HOSP - ETO 9 Nov 44 England – 31 Dec 44 France
241st GEN HOSP - ETO 44 England – 14 Feb 45 France
242d GEN HOSP – ETO 16 Dec 44 England – 14 Feb 45 France – Belgium (to SWPA, diverted at sea to ZI)
247th GEN HOSP – 15 Oct 44 (consolidated with 237th STA HOSP, to form the 71st GEN HOSP 7 Feb 47)
250th GEN HOSP – ETO 24 Apr 45 France
251st GEN HOSP - ETO 24 Apr 45 France
252d GEN HOSP - ETO Feb 45 France
253d GEN HOSP - ETO Feb 45 France
254th GEN HOSP - ETO 45 Germany
279th GEN HOSP - ETO 18 Sep 45 Germany
280th GEN HOSP – ETO 18 Sep 45 Germany
297th GEN HOSP – USAFBI Jun 43 – ETO 30 May 44 England (activated 10 Jun 43)
298th GEN HOSPUSAFBI 11 Nov 42 – ETO 16 Jul 44 France – 20 Nov 44 Belgium (activated 27 Jun 42)
305th GEN HOSP - ETO Apr 45 France
306th GEN HOSP – ETO 8 Apr 45 France (admitted RAMPs for treatment May 45)
317th GEN HOSP – ETO 44 England
7428th GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
7430th GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
7431st GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
7449th GEN HOSP – ETO 29 May 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital)
7451st GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8047th GEN HOSP – ETO 26 May 45 (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8048th GEN HOSP – ETO 19 May 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8049th GEN HOSP – ETO 5 May 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8055th GEN HOSP – ETO 28 Apr 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8271st GEN HOSP – ETO 3 Mar 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8274th GEN HOSP – ETO 2 Mar 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8275th GEN HOSP – ETO 2 Mar 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8277th GEN HOSP – ETO 13 Sep 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8278th GEN HOSP – ETO 22 Apr 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)
8279th GEN HOSP – ETO 27 Apr 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital)

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The 130th General Hospital, at Ciney, Belgium, in winter. Liberated on 7 Sep 44, the city of Ciney suffered considerably during the Battle of the Bulge. After the German retreat, it was re-occupied by American Forces during the period 24-29 Dec 44. The 'Institut Saint-Joseph', at Mont-de-la-Salle, run by the Catholic community of the 'Frères des Ecoles Chrétiennes' was taken over by the US Army and converted into a General Hospital.

Notes: ETO “Blood Banks” were set up at the 2d – 5th – 30th – 52d – 67th – 127th and 298th General Hospitals stationed in the United Kingdom The 40th – 48th – 62d – 108th – 203d – 217th General Hospitals, all located in and around Paris, France, from late Aug 44 to V-E Day, were grouped in 2 Hospital Centers, the 814th and 815th.
Between 1 May – 15 Jun 45, elements of the 9th – 50th – 61st – 62d- 78th – 83d Field Hospitals supported PW enclosures and established new PW Hospital Centers with German medics working under supervision of American Medical Battalions.
By 2 Jun 45, Third US Army operated a total of 237 Hospitals in Germany, 3 for RAMPS, 13 for DPs, and the remainder for German PWs (in that period over 3 million enemy PWs were in American hands).

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Hospital Centers:

One of the most effective factors in meeting the extremely difficult problems of Hospital Administration was the organization of Hospital Centers and Groups. Under the original “Bolero” plans it was contemplated that the groups of Hospitals at Cirencester, Malvern, and Whitchurch would operate under so-called Hospital Centers (at the time only two were provided, the 12th + 15th –ed).

Subsequently to operation of the three first Hospital Centers, a reorganization of the United Kingdom Base was formulated 1 September 1944, whereby the Base Sections were now designated Districts, such as the Southern – Western – and Eastern Districts. A major change was the setup of 7 Hospital Groups (Provisional) in order to provide for a more efficient control and operation of all Army Hospitals stationed in the United Kingdom. Group Headquarters would be commanded by a staff of 1 Medical Officer assisted by 22 other Officers and 142 EM. Activation was officially confirmed on 2 October 1944, by GO No. 15, Hq, UK Base.

I Hospital Group (Prov) – Taunton, Som., UK
II Hospital Group (Prov) – Blandford, Dorset, UK
III Hospital Group (Prov) – Chippenham, Wilts., UK
IV Hospital Group (Prov) – Cirencester, Glos., UK (ex-15th Hospital Center)
V Hospital Group (Prov) – Great Malvern, Worcs., UK (ex-12th Hospital Center)
VI Hospital Group (Prov) – Whitchurch, Flints., UK (ex-6810th Hospital Center, Prov)
VII Hospital Group (Prov) – Newmarket, Cambs., UK

Shortly thereafter, authority was requested to activate 5 additional Hospital Centers with a certain number of “cellular” units attached in order to obtain T/O units for operation of the 7 Hospital Groups. This was granted on 22 November 1944, whereby the Groups would now be known as Hospital Centers. 

Hospital Centers were designed to save personnel and administrative resources. Such a  Center was set up to include operation of a 1,000-bed Convalescent Camp while performing unified administrative services common (e.g. sanitation, laundry, finance, postal, signal, security, motor transport, laboratory, bakery, etc.) to all General Hospitals grouped under the Center. The organization was authorized to operate under T/O 8-540, dated 1 April 1942, comprising a personnel strength of 29 Medical Officers, 4 Warrant Officers, 1 Nurse, and 255 Enlisted Men.

In April 1944, the existing organization was superseded by a new T/O 8-500, dated 23 April 1944, governing a Hospital Center Headquarters consisting of 7 Officers, 1 Warrant Officer, 1 Nurse, and 23 Enlisted Men. The new organization could however borrow any additional personnel needed for the performance of its functions from the General Hospitals assigned to  the Center.

In order to simplify control of the largest geographical clusters of General Hospitals in the United Kingdom, the Chief Surgeon in 1944 activated the first Hospital Centers. These were regular T/O medical units, each designed to coordinate and assist the work of a variable number of General Hospitals (between 5 and 7, and sometimes even including some Station Hospitals). The Centers centralized receiving, evacuation, supply, utilities, sanitation, transportation, laboratory, and guard activities, which resulted in an economy of personnel and an increased efficiency of operation. The very first were set up in March 1944 in the Western, Eastern, and Southern Base Sections.

12th HOSP CEN – Great Malvern (established Mar 44) comprised 52d Gen Hosp – 53d Gen Hosp – 55th Gen Hosp – 81st Gen Hosp – 93d Gen Hosp – 96th Gen Hosp – 107th Gen Hosp – 114th Gen Hosp – 122d Gen Hosp – 123d Gen Hosp – 135th Gen Hosp – 155th Gen Hosp – 156th Gen Hosp – 297th Gen Hosp – 77th Sta Hosp – 123d Sta Hosp – 232d Sta Hosp – 279th Sta Hosp – 307th Sta Hosp (previously V Hospital Group, Provisional)
15th HOSP CEN – Cirencester (established Mar 44) comprised 61st Gen Hosp – 91st Gen Hosp – 97th Gen Hosp – 110th Gen Hosp – 111th Gen Hosp – 160th Gen Hosp – 186th Gen Hosp – 192d Gen Hosp – 304th Sta Hosp – 306th Sta Hosp – 317th Sta Hosp – 318th Sta Hosp – 327th Sta Hosp (admitted 2,516 RAMPs for further treatment Apr/May 45) (previously IV Hospital Group, Provisional)
801st HOSP CEN – Taunton (previously I Hospital Group, Provisional)
802d HOSP CEN – Blandford (previously II Hospital Group, Provisional)
803d HOSP CEN – Devizes (previously III Hospital Group, Provisional)
804th HOSP CEN – Whitchurch (established Jun 44) (previously designated 6810th HOSP CEN, Provisional) comprised 57th Fld Hosp – 68th Gen Hosp – 82d Gen Hosp – 83d Gen Hosp – 109th Gen Hosp – 129th Gen Hosp – 137th Gen Hosp – 157th Gen Hosp – 182d Gen Hosp – 10th Sta Hosp – 33d Sta Hosp – 36th Sta Hosp – 168th Sta Hosp – 312th Sta Hosp – 316th Sta Hosp (previously VI Hospital Group, Provisional)
805th HOSP CEN – Newmarket (previously VII Hospital Group, Provisional)
809th HOSP CEN – Oxford (established Jan 45, not operational)

Prior to 1 January 1945, Hospital Centers with a single exception were only functioning in the United Kingdom. Plans to activate 14 Hospital Centers on the continent were therefore launched, based on T/O 8-500 dated 1 January 1945 and T/O 8-500 amended 18 January 1945, with authorized reduced personnel!

(note: apparently the 9th – 10th – 11th – 16th – 17th – 18th – 19th – 24th Hospital Centers planned, of which a few were briefly in operation, were all quickly inactivated).

Six Hospital Center Headquarters were activated in the Southwest Pacific, such as the 26th – 27th – 28th – 821st HC). 

Additional Hospital Centers were later set up on the Continent, under jurisdiction of ComZ.

807th HOSP CEN – Le Mans, France (later moved to Vittel)
808th HOSP CEN – Aachen, Germany
809th HOSP CEN – Saint Erme, France (established Apr 45)
810th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational)
811th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational)
812th HOSP CEN – Cherbourg, France (established Nov 44)
813th HOSP CEN – Mourmelon, France
814th HOSP CEN – Paris, France (established Feb 45)
815th HOSP CEN – Paris, France (established Feb 45)
816th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational)
817th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational)
818th HOSP CEN – Liège, Belgium (established Dec 44)
819th HOSP CEN – Bar-le-Duc, France (established Dec 44)
820th HOSP CEN – Nancy, France

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Hospital Train No. 13, at the Gare St.-Lazare, Paris, France. 2 Sep 44, French civilian Litter Bearers get ready to unload arriving patients. In mid-February 1945, to achieve greater efficiency, the Seine Section streamlined and decentralized Hospital Train loading and unloading procedures to the Gare de l'Est (Paris) and used the Gare St.- Lazare (Paris) only for loading outgoing trains bound for the Cherbourg area. The patients were then directed for further treatment to the 280th Sta Hosp (Cherbourg) or the 8th Conv Hosp (Valognes). On the night of 26 Dec 44, German bombs destroyed Hospital Train No. 23 at the Gare St.-Lazare and put the railway station out of service for 48 hours!

Hospital Trains:

HOSP TRAIN No. 1 – ETO 8 Feb 44 England – 44 France - Rhineland - Ardennes-Alsace  
HOSP TRAIN No. 3 – ETO 20 Apr 44 Wales – 19 May 44 England – 44 France – Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 4 – 2 Feb 44 England – 23 Apr 44 Scotland - ETO Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 5 – 7 Mar 44 England – 23 Apr 44 Scotland
HOSP TRAIN No. 6 – 7 Mar 44 England
HOSP TRAIN No. 7 – 3 Jun 43 England – ETO Rhineland 
HOSP TRAIN No. 8 – 13 Mar 44 England
HOSP TRAIN No. 9 – ETO 31 Oct 45 Northern France - Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 10 – ETO Normandy – Northern France
HOSP TRAIN No. 11 – ETO 31 May 44 England – 4 Aug 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – 45 France (first improvised HOSP TRAIN, consisting of French freight cars fitted with litter brackets, ran between St. Lô and Cherbourg, 4 Aug 44)
HOSP TRAIN No. 12 – 21 May 44 England – ETO Normandy – Northern France - Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 13 – 21 May 44 England – 24 May 44 Wales - ETO Normandy – Northern France (later redesignated 7th Hospital Train)
HOSP TRAIN No. 14 – 21 May 44 England - ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 15 – 30 May 44 Wales – ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 16 – 7 May 44 England – 30 May 44 Wales – ETO Northern France – Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 17 – ETO France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace (inactivated 15 Nov 45)
HOSP TRAIN No. 18 – 26 Mar 44 England – 10 Jun 44 Scotland – 8 Sep 44 Wales – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace  
HOSP TRAIN No. 20 – 30 May 44 Wales – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 21 – ETO 24 Oct 44 England – Wales – 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace (inactivated 18 Sep 45)
HOSP TRAIN No. 22 – 30 May 44 Wales – 15 Jun 44 England – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 23 – 14 Sep 43 England – 24 Mar 44 Scotland – ETO Sep 44 France -Central Europe (partly destroyed by German bombing, at the Gare St. Lazare, Paris, 26 Dec 44)
HOSP TRAIN No. 24 – USAFBI 14 Sep 43 England – ETO 29 Sep 44 France - Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe (inactivated 18 Sep 45)
HOSP TRAIN No. 25 – 6 Jul 44 England – 25 Jul 44 Scotland – ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 26 – 6 Jul 44 England – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe (inactivated 10 Sep 45)
HOSP TRAIN No. 27 – ETO 14 Aug 44 France (FIRST Hospital Train to reach the continent, disembarked in France 14 Aug 44, carrying the 43d GEN HOSP on board, also the very FIRST one to reach Paris 2 Sep 44, with part of the 203d GEN HOSP)
HOSP TRAIN No. 31– ETO 5 Jul 45 Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 34 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 37 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 38 – ETO Oct 44 Belgium
HOSP TRAIN No. 41 – MTO Naples-Foggia – Rome-Arno – North Apennines - ETO Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 42 – MTO Rome-Arno – Southern France - ETO 10 Sep 44 Rhineland – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 43 – 11 Mar 43 England - ETO 14 Aug 44 Northern France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 44 – 13 Nov 43 Northern Ireland - 17 May 44 England - ETO Northern France - Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 45 – 26 Jun 43 England - ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 47 – 6 Apr 44 Scotland – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 49 – 6 Apr 44 Scotland
HOSP TRAIN No. 55 – ETO 27 Jul 44 England – 2 Aug 44 Wales – 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 56 – ETO 20 May 45 Rhineland – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 57 – 25 Feb 44 England (inactivated 12 Nov 45)
HOSP TRAIN No. 58 – 25 Nov 44 England
HOSP TRAIN No. 59 – 6 Sep 44 England
HOSP TRAIN No. 73 – ETO Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 74 – ETO Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 76 – ETO Rhineland – Central Europe
HOSP TRAIN No. 77 – ETO Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 79 – ETO Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 80– ETO Rhineland
HOSP TRAIN No. 82 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace
HOSP TRAIN No. 83 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace

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Station Hospitals:

3d STA HOSP – USAFBI 30 Jun 42 – 44 France – 28 Apr 45 Belgium (activated 18 Mar 42)
7th STA HOSP – USANIF 26 Sep 42 – 8 Oct 42 England (activated 10 Feb 41 ZI, to MTO 22 Nov 42, inactivated 15 Sep 45)
10th STA HOSP – USANIF 26 Jan 42 - USAFBI (activated 10 Feb 41)
15th STA HOSP –  ETO England
16th STA HOSP – USAFBI 3 Jun 42 – 19 Apr 43 England (opened Rehabilitation Center No. 1 for Officers, active 19 Apr 43 – 1 Sep 43, ceased operations 30 Dec 44, remained in France and moved to Germany 2 Jun 45) (reopened 23 Jul 45 in Germany)
23d STA HOSP – ETO 10 Nov 44 France (inactivated ZI Sep 45)
28th STA HOSP – USANIF 26 Oct 43 – ETO 44 England – 44 France (admitted RAMPs for treatment Apr/May 45)
33d STA HOSP USAFBI 22 Mar 43 (assigned to 804th HOSP CEN early Jan 45)
35th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Corsica - ETO 20 Sep 44 France
36th STA HOSP – USANIF 12 Sep 43 – England (opened a special center for psychotics and non-combat related mental disorder in 1943)
38th STA HOSP – USAFBI 5 May 42 - ETO Jun 44 England – 4 Aug 45 France
45th STA HOSP – ETO – Germany (ex-45th EVAC HOSP 1 May 45)
49th STA HOSP – IBC Sep 42 - ETO 9 Jul 43 England
51st STA HOSP – MTO 13 May 44 Italy - ETO 4 Nov 44 France (NP HOSP maintained psychiatric services and treatment facilities)
68th STA HOSP – USAFBI 23 May 43 – ETO 6 Sep 44 France (closed for operations 10 Dec 45)
69th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Algeria - ETO 18 Nov 44 France
70th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Italy - ETO 18 Oct 44 France
77th STA HOSP – USAFBI Oct 43 England (reorganized in England, redesignated 231st STA HOSP 3 May 44 – the old 77th STA HOSP, Reconditioning Center No.1, became the 825th CONV CEN 1 Dec 44)
78th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Italy - ETO 13 Sep 44 France
80th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Tunisia - ETO 14 Sep 44 France
110th STA HOSP – ETO 15 Jan 44 England – 19 Mar 45 France - 2 Aug 45 Austria
115th STA HOSP –USAFBI 27 Jul 43 - 17 May 44 England – May 45 France – 26 Nov 45 Germany
120th STA HOSP – USAFBI 1 Sep 43 England – 8 May 45 France – 4 Aug 45 Germany
121st STA HOSP – ETO 1 Jul 45 England
123d STA HOSP – ETO 10 Aug 44 England (Rehabilitation Center No. 2, became the 833d CONV CEN 1 Dec 44)
124th STA HOSP – ETO 10 Dec 45 Austria
127th STA HOSP – ETO Apr 44 England – Germany (second Hospital in charge of blood collection at Salisbury Blood Collection & Processing Plant, 26 Aug 44)
130th STA HOSP – ETO 15 Jun 44 England – France – 24 Aug 45 Germany (the unit where G. S. PATTON Jr died on 21 Dec 45 at 1755 hrs)
136th STA HOSP – USAFBI 27 Aug 43 – (remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of its overseas service)
150th STA HOSP – ETO - England
151st STA HOSP – USAFBI 30 Jun 42 (inactivated 5 Jun 44, personnel & equipment absorbed by 12th GEN HOSP)
152d STA HOSP – USAFBI 5 Aug 42 - ETO 19 Sep 44 France (first Hospital in charge of blood collection at Salisbury Blood Collection & Processing Plant, 15 Apr 44 – sent first refrigeration trucks ashore after D-Day, to Omaha Beach 7 Jun 44, and to Utah Beach 9 Jun 44, never operated as STA HOSP but as ETO BLOOD BANK, located in Paris)
160th STA HOSP – USANIF 19 Sep 42 – 1 Jul 45 Belgium (activated 1 Jun 41)
168th STA HOSP – IBC Iceland 24 Sep 41 – USAFBI 17 Aug 43 (had a complement of 63 black nurses who provided medical care for German PWs, supervised and commanded by white American Officers – exceptional situation in view of segregated US Army)
180th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Corsica - ETO 13 Sep 44 France
223d STA HOSP – ETO 10 Aug 44 England
228th STA HOSP ETO Jun 44 England France (ex-72d GEN HOSP inactivated and reorganized)
231st STA HOSP – ETO 1 Dec 45 England
232d STA HOSP – ETO 24 Mar 44 England (activated 25 Feb 43 ZI) (inactivated Jan 46 ZI)
250th STA HOSP – ETO 18 Jan 44 England – 24 Apr 45 France - 23 Jun 45 Germany (merged with 249th STATION HOSPITAL in the ZI 1 Aug 43)
279th STA HOSP – ETO 12 Jan 44 England – 1 Jan 45 Wales – 26 May 45 France – 18 Sep 45 Germany
280th STA HOSP – USAFBI 30 Dec 43 Scotland – 3 Oct 44 France – 18 Sep 45 Germany (returned to ZI 1946)
302d STA HOSP – USAFBI 43 England – 44 France – 1 Sep 45 Germany (ceased operations Jul 45 in France) (reopened 1 Sep 45 in Germany)
303d STA HOSP – ETO 43 England
304th STA HOSP USAFBI 15 Sep 43 19 Oct 43 England 3 Jun 45 France 3 Aug 45 Germany
305th STA HOSP – USAFBI 15 Oct 43 - ETO 9 May 44 England (inactivated 6 Oct 45)
306th STA HOSP USAFBI 24 Nov 43 18 Mar 44 England (operated as Reception Unit for incoming troops arriving in the UK, no longer effective as Hospital) (assigned to 15th HOSP CEN 22 Dec 44) (primarily caring for wounded German PWs from 3 Jul 44 to 8 May 45)
307th STA HOSP – USAFBI 19 Apr 43 (Rehabilitation Center No. 1, became the 826th CONV CEN 1 Dec 44)
312th STA HOSP – USAFBI 6 Dec 43 England (NP HOSP specialized in psychiatric treatment involving prolonged intensive medical treatment and rehabilitation)
313th STA HOSP – ETO 14 Jan 44 England (Rehabilitation Center No. 3, became the 827th CONV CEN 1 Dec 44) (ex-10th HOSP CEN in the ZI)
314th STA HOSP – ETO 44 England (Rehabilitation Center No. 4, became the 828th CONV CEN 1 Dec 44) 
315th STA HOSP – ETO Jun 44 England
316th STA HOSP - USAFBI 19 Sep 43 England – 19 Aug 44 Scotland - 22 Jun 45 France (in Sep 44 the 316th STA HOSP operated 2 Hospitals; one 1,000-bed installation at Cowglen  and one 400-bed holding unit at Prestwick Airfield, unit returned to the ZI 19 Aug 45)
317th STA HOSP – USANIF 18 Jul 44 – England – 20 Jun 45 Germany (redesignated 416th STA HOSP 1 Apr 45)
323d STA HOSP – ETO 10 Aug 44 England
327th STA HOSP – USAFBI 30 Oct 43 England – 18 Jul 45 France (opened first all-enemy PW Hospital facility in the UK Base, partly staffed by captured German medical staff, and supervised by Americans on 20 Dec 44) (ex-208th GEN HOSP reorganized and redesignated 327th STA HOSP in Iceland 2 Jul 43)
347th STA HOSP – ETO 17 Jun 44 England
348th STA HOSP – ETO 3 Feb 45 England – 45 France – 28 Jul 45 Germany
350th STA HOSP – ETO France
365th STA HOSP – ETO 26 Jun 44 France
385th STA HOSP – ETO 24 Jun 45 Germany (ex-116th GEN HOSP)
7607th STA HOSP (Italian) – ETO Oct 44 France
7450th STA HOSP – ETO 15 Jun 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital)

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Partial view of the 385th Station Hospital, at Nürnberg, Germany, in Sep 45. This former German Hospital was taken over by the US Army 9 Jun 45, after the fall of the town. The Hospital reopened on 20 Jun 45 (after having removed any remaining German patients), and though still partly in ruins, started operating as the 116th Gen Hosp, later to be redesignated 385th Sta Hosp. 

Surgical Hospitals:

48th SURG HOSP – USAFBI 2 Aug 42 (activated 10 Feb 41, redesignated 128th EVAC HOSP, 1 May 43)

Hospital Bed Capacity and Personnel Resources:

CONVALESCENT HOSPITAL – 3000 beds > 223 Off & EM (other sources 217 Off & EM)
EVACUATION HOSPITAL – 400 beds > 296 Off & EM (other sources 375 Off & EM)
EVACUATION HOSPITAL – 750 beds > 409 Off & EM (other sources 417 Off & EM, 507 Off & EM)
FIELD HOSPITAL – 100 beds > 14 Off & 74 EM 
FIELD HOSPITAL – 200 beds > 26 Off & 132 EM
FIELD HOSPITAL – 400 beds > 40 Off & 184 EM (other sources 35 Off & 211 EM)
GENERAL HOSPITAL – 1000 beds > 662 Off & EM (other sources 692 Off & EM, 734 Off & EM)
HOSPITAL SHIP – approx. 500 / 600 patients > 147 Off & EM
HOSPITAL TRAIN – 360 patients > 43 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 25 beds > 34 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 50 beds > 54 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 75 beds > 58 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 100 beds > 82 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 150 beds > 125 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 200 beds > 161 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 250 beds > 201 Off & EM (other sources 216 Off & EM)
STATION HOSPITAL – 300 beds > 233 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 350 beds > 266 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 400 beds > 296 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 450 beds > 331 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 500 beds > 364 Off & EM (other sources 370 Off & EM, 407 Off & EM)
STATION HOSPITAL – 600 beds > 426 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 700 beds > 480 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 750 beds > 508 Off & EM (other sources 529 Off & EM, 563 Off & EM)
STATION HOSPITAL – 800 beds > 539 Off & EM
STATION HOSPITAL – 900 beds > 596 Off & EM
SURGICAL HOSPITAL – 400 beds > 385 Off & EM

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15th General Hospital, at Liège, Belgium. A Nurse of the 15th General Hospital is checking the blood pressure of one of her patients. In order to provide more beds for the First US Army, the Hospital opened in Liège on 21 Sep 44, occupying a former Belgian Military Hospital. It was later joined by the 28th General Hospital which went into operation in the city early October.The staff of the 15th Gen Hosp held regular meetings with the medical faculty of the local University, to discuss latest developments in the medical field and help them further on with their medical-related activities.

Medical Supply Depots

70th MED BASE DEP CO ETO 20 Nov 44 France
71st MED BASE DEP CO ETO 20 Nov 44 France

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Auxiliary Surgical Groups:

1st AUX SURG GP – ETO Apr 44 England
3d AUX SURG GP – ETO 6 Jun 44 France – 44 Belgium
4th AUX SURG GP – ETO 8 Jun 44 France
5th AUX SURG GP – ETO 44 France

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Separate Medical Battalions:

33d MED BN – ETO May 44 England
50th MED BN – ETO 8 Jun 44 France
53d MED BN – USAFBI Nov 42 – 7 Jun 44 France – 16 Dec 44 Belgium
57th MED BN – ETO Aug 44 France – 18 Dec 44 Belgium
60th MED BN – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 6th ESB)
61st MED BN – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 5th ESB)
165th MED BN – ETO Dec 44 Belgium
169th MED BN – ETO 18 Dec 44 Belgium – Dec 44 Luxembourg
177th MED BN – ETO Sep 44 France – Sep 44 Belgium
179th MED BN – ETO Dec 44 Belgium
180th MED BN – ETO Dec 44 Belgium
187th MED BN – ETO 21 Dec 44 Belgium
231st COMP MED BN – ETO Jan 45 Southern France
343d MED BN – ETO Nov 44 France
425th MED BN – ETO Oct 44 France
428th MED BN – ETO 28 Jun 44 France
503d MED BN – USANIF Mar 42

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Motor Ambulance Companies:

426th MTR AMB CO – ETO Aug 44 France
522d MTR AMB CO – ETO Aug 44 France
553d MTR AMB CO – ETO Nov 44 France
590th MTR AMB CO – ETO May 44 England – 15 Jul 44 France (component of 33d MED BN)

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Medical Clearing Companies:

618th MED CLR CO – ETO 19 Jun 44 France – 16 Dec 44 Belgium – Apr 45 Germany (component of 134th MED GP)
622d MED CLR CO – ETO 17 Jun 44 France – 18 Sep 44 Belgium (component of 134th MED GP)
634th MED CLR CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 60th MED BN, 6th ESB)
635th MED CLR CO – ETO 27 Dec 44 Belgium (component of the 169th MED BN)
646th MED CLR CO – ETO Jun 45 Austria
662d MED CLR CO – ETO 18 Sep 44 Belgium
666th MED CLR CO – ETO 44 France

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Medical Collecting Companies:

384th MED COLL CO – ETO 19 Sep 44 Belgium
493d MED COLL CO – ETO 19 Sep 44 Belgium
499th MED COLL CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 60th MED BN, 6th ESB)
500th MED COLL CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 60th MED BN, 6th ESB)
391st Medical Collecto-Clearing Company – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 61st MED BN, 5th ESB)
393d Medical Collecto-Clearing Company – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (component of 61st MED BN, 5th ESB)

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Medical Depots:

M-1 MED DEP – ETO 10 Jul 44 France (later redesignated M-401T in Cherbourg)
M-2 MED DEP – ETO 20 Jul 44 France (later redesignated M-402T at Chef-du-Pont)
M-3 MED DEP – ETO 19 Jul 44 France (later redesignated M-403T at Le Grand Chemin)
M-351 MED DEP – ETO France (later redesignated M-451 at Dijon)
M-352 MED DEP – ETO France (later redesignated M-452 in Marseilles)
M-401 MED DEP – ETO France (closed down 31 Aug 44 in Cherbourg)
M-402 MED DEP – ETO Oct 44 France (largest Medical Depot in France)
M-403 MED DEP - ETO France (closed down 15 Nov 44 at L’Etard)
M-404 MED DEP – ETO 20 Aug 44 France (closed down in Rennes 15 Oct 44)
M-405 MED DEP – ETO 25 Aug 44 France
M-406T MED DEP – ETO 26 Aug 44 France (mainly used by the Red Ball Express)
M-407 MED DEP – ETO 6 Sep 44 France
M-408 MED DEP – ETO 20 Sep 44 France
M-409 MED DEP – ETO 27 Oct 44 Belgium
M-411 MED DEP – ETO 29 Nov 44 Belgium (satellite facility of M-409 Medical Depot, located at Liège)
M-412 MED DEP – ETO 44 France
M-413 MED DEP – ETO Dec 44 Belgium (opened to replace M-411)
M-414 MED DEP – ETO 15 Feb 45 France
M-417 MED DEP – ETO 2 Jan 45 France
M-451 MED DEP – ETO 44 France
M-452 MED DEP – ETO 44 Southern France (most completely mechanized and organized Medical Depot in the ETO, located in Marseille)

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Medical Depot Companies:

1st MED DEP CO – USAFBI Jul 43 England – ETO 6 Jun 44 France – Nov 44 Belgium - Mar 45 Germany
7th MED DEP CO – ETO Aug 44 France 
8th MED DEP CO – USAFBI May 43 Scotland
11th MED DEP CO – ETO Nov 44 France (operated M-402, later M-407)
13th MED DEP CO – ETO 1 Jul 44 France (later operated M-402T)
28th MED DEP CO – ETO Nov 44 Holland
30th MED DEP CO – ETO 10 Jul 44 France (operated M-401T and later M-406T)
31st MED DEP CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France (organized M-3, later operated M-407)
32d MED DEP CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France – Nov 44 Holland (organized M-2, later operated M-402T)
33d MED DEP CO – ETO 6 Jun 44 France
35th MED DEP CO – ETO 31 Dec 44 Holland
46th MED DEP CO – ETO Aug 44 France (operated M-452)
47th MED DEP CO – ETO England – Apr 45 Germany
66th MED DEP CO – ETO Dec 44 Belgium (operated M-409)

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Medical Gas Treatment Battalions:

91st MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO Jul 44 France - 16 Dec 44 Belgium – Mar 45 Germany
92d MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO Mar 45 Germany
93d MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO Jun 44 England - 15 Jun 44 France
94th MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO Sep 44 France – Apr 45 Germany
95th MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO 29 Aug 44 France

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Medical Groups:

31st MED GP – ETO 10 Jun 44 France – 44 Belgium – 45 Germany
64th MED GP – ETO Nov 44 Belgium – 17 Dec 44 Luxembourg – 21 Dec 44 Belgium - Apr 45 Germany
65th MED GP – ETO 44 Luxembourg - 44 Belgium – Mar 45 Germany
66th MED GP - ETO Sep 44 France - Mar 45 Germany
67th MED GP – ETO 44 France
68th MED GP – ETO 10 Jun 44 France – Sep 44 Belgium - Apr 45 Germany
69th MED GP – ETO 44 France - 44 Luxembourg – Mar 45 Germany
134th MED GP – ETO 44 France – Dec 44 Belgium – Apr 45 Germany

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Medical Sanitary Companies:

706th MED SN CO – ETO Aug 44 France
724th MED SN CO – ETO Jun 44 England - Jun 44 France (component of 33d MED BN)

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