Organization – Medical Department Units (Personnel & Vehicles)

Illustration showing the front cover of FM 101-10 (Tentative) Staff Officers’ Field Manual dated 10 July 1944.

Securing period data relating to WW2 Medical organizations is always very interesting for re-enactors and collectors who are looking for assistance to improve their impressions. We therefore thought that presenting some of these Tables of Organizations and Equipment might benefit our readers.

The following data cover Divisions & Brigade Medical Units, Army Medical Units (assigned or attached), Communications Zone Medical Units (ComZ), Army Air Force Medical Units and miscellaneous Medical Units.

Division and Brigade Medical Units:

Medical Battalion (T/O & E 8-15 dated 15 Jul 43, C1 + C2) Infantry Division
(1 Med Bn per Inf Div)

Officers > 34
Warrant Officers > 2
Enlisted Men > 424
Aggregate : 460
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 30
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 6
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 9
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 5
Truck, ¼-Ton > 9
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 14
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 14
Aggregate : 70 vehicles + 20 trailers

Remark: 1 Medical Battalion per Infantry Division. Consists of Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, 1 Clearing Company, 3 Collecting Companies, and 1 attached Chaplain. Designed to provide second echelon medical service and evacuation for Division. It can move all its equipment with organic transport means, but not all its personnel unless all Ambulances and additional 2 ½-Ton Cargo Trucks are used for such transportation.

Diagram showing organisation of the Infantry Division. Medical Battalion and subunits highlighted in bold (corrected as per 10 July 1944).

Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment (T/O & E 8-16 dated 15 Jul 43) Medical Battalion – Infantry Division

Officers > 8
Warrant Officers > 2
Enlisted Men > 33
Aggregate : 43
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 2
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 5
Aggregate : 9 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Division Surgeon’s Office, Battalion Headquarters, Personnel Section, Detachment Headquarters Section, General and Medical Supply Section, and Motor Maintenance Section.

Clearing Company (T/O & E 8-18 dated 15 Jul 43) Medical Battalion – Infantry Division
(1 Clr Co per Med Bn)

Officers > 12
Enlisted Men > 100
Aggregate : 112
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 6
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 6
Aggregate : 10 vehicles + 8 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters and 2 Clearing Platoons.

Collecting Company (T/O & E 8-17 dated 15 Jul 43) Medical Battalion – Infantry Division
(3 Coll Cies per Med Bn)

Officers > 5
Enlisted Men > 97
Aggregate : 102
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 10
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 2
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 4
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 17 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters, Station Platoon, Litter Bearer Platoon, and Ambulance Platoon.

T/O 71 showing organisation of the Airborne Division. Medical Company highlighted in bold (corrected as per 10 July 1944).

Airborne Medical Company (T/O 8-37 dated 15 Oct 42, C1) Airborne Division
(1 Abn Med Co per Abn Div)

Officers > 21
Enlisted Men > 195
Aggregate : 216
Scooter, Motor Servicycle > 4
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 20
Truck, ¼-Ton > 23
Aggregate : 27 vehicles + 20 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters Section, Division Medical Supply Section, and 3 Platoons (Platoon Headquarters, Litter Bearer Section, Ambulance Section, and Treatment Section).

Armored Medical Battalion (T/O & E 8-75 dated 21 Nov 44) Armored Division
(1 Armd Med Bn per Armd Div)

Officers > 33
Warrant Officers > 2
Enlisted Men > 382
Aggregate : 417
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 30
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 17
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 6
Truck, ¼-Ton > 10
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 8
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 7
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo & Miscellaneous > 17
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Surgical > 6
Carrier, Personnel, Half-Track, M3A2 > 4
Aggregate : 82 vehicles + 23 trailers

Remark: 1 per Armored Division. Consists of Headquarters & Headquarters Company, and 3 Medical Collecting Companies for second echelon medical service.

Headquarters & Headquarters Company (T/O 8-76 dated 1 Mar 42) Armored Medical Battalion – Armored Division

Officers > 4
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 70
Aggregate : 75
Trailer, ¼-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Carryall > 1
Truck ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo & Miscellaneous > 14
Aggregate : 19 vehicles + 1 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters (Command Section, Maintenance Section, Administrative, Supply and Mess Section), Battalion Supply Section, Division Medical Supply Section, Battalion Maintenance, and Transportation Platoon (Platoon Headquarters, Fuel & Lubricants Section, Ration Section).

Armored Medical Company (T/O 8-77 dated 1 Mar 42) Armored Medical Battalion – Armored Division
(3 Armd Med Cies per Armd Med Bn)

Officers > 11
Enlisted Men > 122
Aggregate : 133
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 12
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 5
Truck, ¾-Ton, Carryall > 4
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo & Miscellaneous > 10
Car, Half-Track, M3 > 1
Aggregate : 32 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters (Command Section, Administrative, Supply and Mess Section, Maintenance Section), Litter Platoon, Ambulance Platoon, and Treatment Platoon (Platoon Headquarters, Operation Section, Casualty Treatment Section).

Medical Squadron (T/O 8-85 dated 1 Apr 42, C1) Cavalry Division
(1 Med Sq per Cav Div)

Officers > 24
Enlisted Men > 336
Aggregate : 360
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 24
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 4
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 6
Truck, ¼-Ton > 6
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 9
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 6
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 6
Truck, 4 to 5-Ton, Tractor > 4
Aggregate : 55 vehicles + 10 trailers

Remark: 1 per Cavalry Division. Consists of Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, 1 Collecting Troop, 1 Clearing Troop, and 1 Veterinary Troop. (no horses, trailers, vans included in above figures).

An American Medic offers support and transport for a wounded German soldier somewhere in Normandy, while other medical personnel carry supplies. June 1944.

Headquarters Detachment (T/O 8-86 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Squadron – Cavalry Division

Officers > 6
Enlisted Men > 42
Aggregate : 48
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 6
Aggregate : 12 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Squadron Headquarters, Personnel Section, Squadron Detachment Headquarters, General and Medical Supply  Section, and Motor Maintenance Section.

Clearing Troop (T/O 8-88 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Squadron – Cavalry Division

Officers > 7
Enlisted Men > 93
Aggregate : 100
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 3
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 3
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 10
Aggregate : 17 vehicles + 4 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Troop Headquarters and 2 Clearing Platoons.

Collecting Troop (T/O 8-87 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Squadron – Cavalry Division

Officers > 7
Enlisted Men > 137
Aggregate : 144
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 24
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 4
Aggregate : 33 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Troop Headquarters and 2 Collecting Platoons (Station Section, Litter Bearer Section, and Ambulance Section).

Medical Battalion (T/O 8-195S dated 21 Apr 43) Engineer Special Brigade
(1 Med Bn per Engr Spec Bde)

Officers > 31
Enlisted Men > 394
Aggregate : 425
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 7
Truck, ¼-Ton > 33
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 4
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 17
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Wrecker > 1
Aggregate : 56 vehicles + 7 trailers

Remark: 1 Medical Battalion per Engineer Special Brigade. Consists of Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, 3 Medical Companies, with 1 Collecting Platoon and 1 Clearing Platoon each. Designed to provide medical support initially in landing operations in immediate vicinity of beachheads and medical coverage in small boat evacuation to ships or base shore.

Medical Battalion (T/O 8-135 dated 1 Apr 42) Mountain Division
(1 Med Bn per Mt Div)

Officers > 47
Enlisted Men > 543
Aggregate : 590
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 15
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 6
Truck, ¼-Ton > 7
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 6
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 3
Truck, 2 ½-Ton,Cargo > 23
Truck, 4 to 5-Ton, Tractor > 3
Aggregate : 57 vehicles + 6 trailers

Remark: the unit furnishes the necessary medical support for the Mountain Division. It consists of a Headquarters Detachment, 3 Collecting Companies, 1 Clearing Company, and 1 Veterinary Company. (no horses, trailers, vans included in above figures). Since Mountain troops are organized, trained and equipped to operate in extreme cold and at high altitudes vehicular transportation is limited. Pack transportation (horses & mules) is included in most organizations, and therefore requires a large Veterinary support and service. In this unit, Collecting Companies have no Ambulances, only the Clearing Company has 3 Clearing Platoons, each consisting of a Station Section and a Motor Ambulance Section.

Headquarters Detachment (T/O 8-136 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Battalion – Mountain Division

Officers > 9
Enlisted Men > 43
Aggregate : 52
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 7
Aggregate : 13 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: the unit consists of Battalion Headquarters (Personnel Section, Administrative Section), Headquarters Detachment (Headquarters, General and Medical Supply Section, Motor Maintenance Section).

Clearing Company (T/O 8-138 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Battalion – Mountain Division

Officers > 14
Enlisted Men > 137
Aggregate : 151
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 15
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 12
Aggregate : 32 vehicles + 4 trailers

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters and 3 Clearing Platoons (Station Section, Motor Ambulance Section).

Collecting Company (T/O 8-137 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Battalion – Mountain Division

Officers > 5
Enlisted Men > 78
Aggregate : 83
Animals, Horses & Mules > 25
Wagon, Escort > 1

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters, Station Platoon, and Collecting Platoon. (3 riding horses and 22 pack mules are included in the organization, no motor vehicles are provided).

Veterinary Company (T/O 8-139 dated 1 Apr 42) Medical Battalion – Mountain Division

Officers > 9
Enlisted Men > 129
Aggregate : 138
Animals, Horses & Mules > 45
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 4
Truck, 4 to 5-Ton, Tractor > 3
Aggregate : 12 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: the unit consists of Company Headquarters, 3 Collecting and Treatment Platoons, and 1 Evacuation Platoon. (animals comprise 18 draft horses, 24 riding horses, and 3 pack mules).

Army Medical Units:

Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment (T/O & E 8-22 dated 1 Nov 43, C1) Medical Group

Officers > 9
Enlisted Men > 24
Aggregate : 33
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 6 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: Theater Headquarters reserve unit for attachment in numbers required to Armies, Corps, or separate Task Forces. The Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment is a flexible organization consisting of Command Section, Executive Section, Communications Section, Operations and Training Section, and has tactical control over 6 to 8 basic medical units, which may be separate Companies, Battalions, mobile Hospitals, or similar medical units.

Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment (T/O 8-26 dated 20 May 43, C1) Medical Battalion (Separate)

Officers > 6
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 22
Aggregate : 29
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 3
Aggregate : 6 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: Theater Headquarters reserve unit, normally attached to Army and Corps. May also be attached to Medical Group or operate separately. The Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment is a tactical and administrative Headquarters consisting of Command and Executive Sections, Operations and Training Section, Supply and Maintenance Section to which may be attached 3 to 6 separate Companies, their number and type depending upon assigned missions.

Medics pertaining to the 88th Infantry Division tend to a wounded American serviceman during the unit’s time in Anzio. May 1944.

Medical Clearing Company, Separate (T/O & E 8-28 dated 20 May 43, C1) Medical Group / Medical Battalion

Officers > 13
Enlisted Men > 104
Aggregate : 117
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 6
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 6
Aggregate : 11 vehicles + 8 trailers

Remark: unit designed for attachment to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group, or Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Battalion (Separate). The unit consists of Company Headquarters and 2 Clearing Platoons. It can also be attached to Army or Corps as necessary. It can also be assigned to Task Forces on the basis of 1 per Division.

Medical Collecting Company, Separate (T/O 8-27 dated 20 May 43, C1 + C2 + C3) Medical Group / Medical Battalion

Officers > 5
Enlisted Men > 100
Aggregate : 105
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 10
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 2
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 4
Truck, 2 ½-Ton > 1
Aggregate : 17 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: unit designed for attachment to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group, or Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Battalion (Separate). The unit consists of Company Headquarters, and 3 Platoons, i.e. Station Platoon, Litter Platoon, and Ambulance Platoon. It can also be attached to Army or Corps as necessary. It provides or augments facilities for care and evacuation of Division, Corps, or Army Trains. Basis of assignment to Task Force is 1 per Division.

Medical Ambulance Company, Motor, Separate (T/O & E 8-317 dated 20 May 43, C1) Medical Group / Medical Battalion

Officers > 4
Enlisted Men > 89
Aggregate : 93
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 30
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 36 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: unit designed for attachment to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group, or Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Battalion, or even to Army or Corps as necessary. Consists of Company Headquarters, and 3 Platoons. Has adequate facilities for evacuation of casualties.

Medical Laboratory (T/O& E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44) Army / Communications Zone

Officers > 11
Enlisted Men > 44
Aggregate : 55
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 3
Aggregate : 7 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: 1 per Army, 1 per Section of ComZ. When the Communications Zone is not organized in Sections, Laboratories are located as required by the general health situation. The unit conducts epidemiological investigations, surveys and studies, with necessary laboratory work, including water analysis. It includes a stationary Laboratory and 3 mobile Sections. (replaces previous T/O 8-611).

Medical Supply Depot (T/O 8-661 dated 1 Apr 42)

Officers > 16
Enlisted Men > 227
Aggregate : 243
Trailer,1-Ton, Cargo > 8
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Carryall > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 10
Aggregate : 15 vehicles + 9 trailers

Remark: organic element of the Army, operating directly under the Army Commander, or the Army Surgeon; Organized to establish and operate a Medical Supply Depot, it is however capable to operate 1 Main Depot and 1 or 2 Advanced Depots. Organization of the 2 Sections of the Advanced Depot Platoon is identical. It should be noted that the Optical Repair Section always remains with the Base Platoon.  The unit consists of a Headquarters Detachment (Depot Headquarters Section, and Depot General Supply and Transportation Section), a Base Platoon (Optical Repair Section, and Base Depot Section), and Advanced Depot Platoon (Section 1, and Section 2).

Medical Depot Company (T/O 8-667 dated 17 Apr 44) Army / Communications Zone

Officers > 13
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 136
Aggregate : 150
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 8
Truck, ¼-Ton > 5
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 5
Truck, 2 ½-ton, Dental Laboratory > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Optical Repair > 1
Aggregate : 15 vehicles + 8 trailers

Remark: 1 per 75,000 troops in a combat zone. Performs third and fourth echelon maintenance of Medical Department equipment. Receives stores and issues medical supplies. It is a mobile unit which consists of Depot Headquarters, Maintenance Platoon, and 3 Storage and Issue Platoons, usually operates its proper Depot and 2 forward Supply Points with Optical and Dental Repair teams.

Medical Sanitary Company (T/O & E 8-117 dated 13 May 44) Hospital Units

Officers > 3
Enlisted Men > 112
Aggregate : 115
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 4
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Dump > 2
Aggregate : 9 vehicles

Remark: Theater unit. Consists of Company Headquarters and 2 identical Platoons. The unit may be employed as directed by malariaologists in conjunction with anti-malaria control work. The Company usually assists large Hospital units.

Veterinary Company, Separate (T/O 8-99 dated 3 May 43, C1)

Officers > 5
Enlisted Men > 62
Aggregate : 67
Truck, 4 to 5-Ton, Tractor > 3
Aggregate : 3 vehicles

Remark: Theater Headquarters reserve unit which may be attached to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group. It consists of Company Headquarters, 3 Collecting and Treatment Platoons, and a Motor Evacuation Section. The unit evacuates animal casualties to Veterinary Evacuation Hospitals from Division, Corps, and Army, Veterinary Aid Stations and Veterinary Clearing Stations. The unit is equipped with 6-Ton Semi-Trailers with a capacity for 6 horses (animals & cargo). One Veterinary Platoon is capable of supporting a Regimental Combat Team. Assignment basis : 2 per Cavalry Division, 1 per 2,000 animals, 1 per 6 Separate Quartermaster Pack Trains, and 1 per 6 Separate Field Artillery Pack Battalions.

Convalescent Hospital (T/O 8-590 dated 1 Apr 42, C1 + C2) 3000 Patients Capacity

Officers > 31
Enlisted Men > 192
Aggregate : 223
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 4
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 9
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Aggregate : 17 vehicles

Remark: 1 per 9 Divisions. The Hospital receives convalescents from the Evacuation Hospitals and has a normal capacity of 3,000 patients, and up to 5,000 for not to exceed one week. The unit is set up in the rear of an Army area on roads or railways, preferably near the Army Replacement pool. Sewage facilities are strongly desirable. It consists of Headquarters, a Clinical Section (Medical Service, Surgical/Orthopedic Service, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Service, X-Ray Service, Laboratory Service, and Dental Service), and Convalescent and Detention Sections.   Minimum space requirements : under tentage 540 x 300 yards, in buildings 120,000 square feet.

Evacuation Hospital (T/O 8-580 dated 23 Apr 43) 750-Bed Capacity

Officers > 47
Nurses > 53
Dental Officers > 1
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 308
Aggregate : 410
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, 700-Gal Water Tank > 1
Aggregate : 5 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: 1 per 3 Divisions. The Hospital may be attached to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group. It receives all classes of cases and prepares them for further evacuation. The unit may be used for definitive hospitalization in emergency situations. It is set up in the Army Service Area in as close support as the tactical situation permits. Sewage facilities are desirable. The Hospital requires 4 to 6 hours to establish and 8 to 10 hours to dismantle. Minimum space requirements : under tentage 200 x 200 yards, in buildings 80,000 square feet.

Evacuation Hospital, Semimobile (T/O & E 8-581 dated 25 Mar 44) 400-Bed Capacity

Officers > 38
Nurses > 40
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 217
Aggregate : 296
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 18
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 20
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, 700-Gal Water Tank > 1
Aggregate : 26 vehicles + 21 trailers

Remark: 1 per 1 Division. The Hospital may be attached to Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group. The unit consists of an Administrative Section (Headquarters, Receiving, Evacuation and Record Section) and Professional Services (Operating Section, Ward Section, and Laboratory and X-Ray Section). It receives all classes of cases and prepares them for further evacuation. Its equipment can be moved by organic transportation, and personnel by shuttling. The unit is usually established in the Army Service or Corps Area. Minimum space requirements under tentage : 150 x 150 yards. (former designation, Evacuation Hospital, Motorized).

A medic tends to an injured bazooka team soldier during his unit’s drive through the Ardennes. 28 December 1944.

Field Hospital (T/O E & E 8-510 dated 28 Sep 43, C1 + C2 + C3) 400-Bed Capacity

Officers > 22
Nurses > 18
Enlisted Men > 190
Aggregate : 230
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 6
Trailer, ¼-ton > 3
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 3
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Bathing Unit, Field, Portable > 1
Aggregate : 12 vehicles + 7 trailers

Remark: Theater unit consisting of Company Headquarters and 3 Clearing Platoons. Each Platoon may act independently and is capable of caring for 100 patients. The unit may be transported by air (less its vehicles, of course). Such Hospital is used to cover Air bases, island garrisons, or sections of the Communications Zone when fixed bed facilities are not present and construction is not feasible. This type of unit should be considered as a mobile type of Station Hospital. It is of great value under jungle conditions where it may serve at a landing field as a small Evacuation Hospital.

Portable Surgical Hospital (T/O & E 8-572S dated 4 Jun 43)

Officers > 4
Enlisted Men > 33
Aggregate : 37
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Aggregate : 3 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: 3 to 9 per Infantry Division. The unit is specifically used in difficult terrain where wheeled transport is impracticable. Of great value in jungle surroundings, since it may be rapidly set up, closed, and moved by handcarry, patients by litter (using native bearers). Total equipment weight is about 1,000 pounds in waterproof containers (30 lbs per man). The unit operates well forward and/or in the vicinity of Collecting or Clearing Stations.   

Surgical Hospital (T/O 8-570 dated 1 Apr 42)

Officers > 50
Nurses > 60
Enlisted Men > 275
Aggregate : 385
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 2
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Carryall > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 10
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, 700-Gal Water Tank > 1
Aggregate : 22 vehicles + 4 trailers

Remark: the unit is an independent, self-supporting Army unit under direct control of the Army Commander, or the Army Surgeon. A typical Army contains 4 such units. It is mobile and consists of a Headquarters, 1 mobile Surgical Unit, and 2 Hospitalization Units (Headquarters, Technical Section, 2 Ward Sections caring for 100 patients each). The Surgical Hospital is not motorized, and only Headquarters and Hospitalization Units have  sufficient integral transportation. Only the mobile Surgical Unit is motorized and can provide for movement of the unit’s personnel and equipment.

Auxiliary Surgical Group (T/O 8-571 dated 13 Jul 42) Army

Officers > 132
Nurses > 70
Enlisted Men > 176
Aggregate : 378
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Dental Laboratory > 3
Aggregate : 6 vehicles

Remark: General Headquarters reserve unit, authorized at the rate of 1 per Army in the field. The teams are employed at Field Hospitals (which depend entirely on Auxiliary Teams for surgical service), either in the combat zone or in the Communications Zone, wherever their services are needed. The unit consists of Headquarters, 24 Surgical Teams, 6 Orthopedic Teams, 6 Gas Teams, 4 Maxillo-Facial Teams, 4 Neuro-Surgical Teams, 4 Thoracic-Surgical Teams, 4 Miscellaneous Teams, and 3 Dental-Prosthetic Teams. They may be used to augment personnel of Evacuation and Surgical Hospitals in the field. Each Surgical Group includes specialists in various fields of expertise, and personnel is specially selected for their professional attainments.

Veterinary Convalescent Hospital (T/O 8-790 dated 30 Aug 43, C1)

Officers > 6
Enlisted Men > 158
Aggregate : 164
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 3
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 3
Aggregate : 8 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: Theater unit which receives convalescents from Veterinary Evacuation Hospitals. Basic capacity is 1,000 animals, and 2,000 in an emergency. Equipment represents 24 truck tons. (replaced former T/O 8-237).

Veterinary Evacuation Hospital (T/O 8-780 dated 1 Apr 42, C1)

Officers > 6
Enlisted Men > 89
Aggregate : 95
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 3
Aggregate : 5 vehicles + 2 trailers

Remark: Theater unit with basic capacity for treatment of 150 animals, or 300 in an emergency. Establishes within 1 day’s march for animal casualties from a Veterinary Aid and Clearing Station, preferably near a railway to the rear. Minimum space requirements : under tentage, 125 x 100 yards. Movement requires 9 truck tons for equipment only.

Medical Gas Treatment Battalion (T/O 8-125 dated 11 Aug 42)

Officers > 44
Enlisted Men > 457
Aggregate : 501
Trailer, Shower Bath > 6
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 16
Truck, ¼-Ton > 8
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 6
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 37
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Wrecker > 1
Aggregate : 55 vehicles + 22 trailers

Remark: Army unit specifically designed for treatment of patients having suffered from chemical agents contamination. The unit consists of Battalion Headquarters, Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, and 3 Clearing Companies, plus attached Chaplain. Since Chemical Warfare did not take place during WW2, neither the Axis nor the Allied Forces used any gas, the Medical Gas Treatment Battalions were often kept busy with malaria care, contagious diseases, and self-inflicted wounds. They also served at different times as Holding Units and even improvised Convalescent Hospitals, and provided their trucks and personnel to help other organizations.

Communications Zone Units:

General Hospital (T/O 8-550 dated 3 Jul 44) 1000-Bed Capacity – Communications Zone

Officers > 55
Nurses > 83
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 450
Aggregate : 589
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 6
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 4
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 2
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 2
Truck, ¼-Ton > 6
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 4
Truck, 2 ½-ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-ton, Dump > 1
Aggregate : 20 vehicles + 8 trailers

Remark: the number of General Hospitals in the Comz or ZI depends on the expected demand and policy of the evacuation from the Theater of Operations to the Zone of Interior. The Hospital receives patients from the Evacuation Hospitals (in the combat zone) and from other Hospitals in the Communications Zone. It provides definitive hospitalization for all classes of cases. In ComZ or in the ZI, a number of General Hospitals may be grouped to form a Hospital Center. The unit consists of Administration Services (Headquarters, Registrar, Receiving and Patients’ Detachment, Medical Supply Section, Mess Section, General Supply and Utility Section), and Professional Services ( Medical, Surgical, Dental, Laboratory and Roentgenological Sections). A General Hospital is not a mobile unit. It may be expanded to 1,500 or 2,000 beds by direction of the Theater Commander. Additional services will be provided for Hospital Centers and will include : laundry, finance, military police, postal, signal, etc. A General Hospital (NP) T/O 8-550S provides a 1,000-bed unit especially staffed and equipped to care for neuro-psychiatric patients. Minimum floor space requirements : 120,000 square feet.

Medical Department Concentration Center (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Officers > 5
Enlisted Men > 15
Aggregate : 20
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 3 vehicles

Remark: 1 per Theater of Operations if the size of the Force in the Theater justifies it. The unit provides the overhead for the Administration in the Theater of Operations of Medical and Veterinary units held during concentration, after withdrawal from the line for the purpose of overhauling and rehabilitation or as a Theater Headquarters reserve. Evacuation Hospitals and Professional Services Units are to be found at such Center. The Concentration Center requires additional personnel from other arms and services to function properly. (Professional Services Units are made up of Surgical, Orthopedic, Shock, Maxillo-Facial, Neuro-Surgical, Thoracic Surgical, and Gas Teams which reinforce any medical installation or unit requiring additional surgical facilities and personnel in a Theater of Operations).

Hospital Center (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44) Communications Zone

Officers > 7
Nurses > 1
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 23
Aggregate : 32
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 3 vehicles

Remark: the unit furnishes overhead for a Hospital Center of 2 or more General Hospitals and a Convalescent Camp which normally has a capacity equal to 20% of that of the Center. Each Center requires laundry, motor transport, baking, and other Quartermaster personnel, as well as military police, finance, postal, signal and other detachments. Centralization of Receiving, Evacuation, Medical Supply, General Supply, Utilities, Sanitation, Transportation, Laboratory and Security Guard will result in great economy of personnel and increased efficiency of operation. The unit consists of Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Company (General Headquarters Section, Personnel Section, Company Headquarters Section, Evacuation and Receiving Section, Sanitation Section, and Medical Supply Section), and also a Center Laboratory and Convalescent Camp. (Total patient capacity is dependent on the number of General Hospitals assigned to the Center). (replaced T/O 8-540).

Hospital Train (T/O & E 8-520 dated 12 Feb 44)

Officers > 4
Nurses > 6
Enlisted Men > 39
Aggregate : 49
no Vehicles

Remark: Theater unit, normally 1 per Division or Corps may be required in a Theater of Operations. The unit evacuates casualties from Evacuation Hospitals to General Hospitals, to the Zone of Interior, and also evacuates casualties within the ZI. Movement into and out of ComZ is controlled by the Regulating Officer, under direction of the Theater. Classification : type train consisting of 22 cars, 20-ton box type, with super structure altered to meet Medical Department requirements, average capacity 300 patients. Improvised, 1 Hospital unit  car, 1 baggage car, and a variable number of Pullman, tourist sleeper, or chair cars, depending on availability, average capacity 500 patients.

Station Hospital (T/O 8-560 dated 22 Jul 44, C1 + C2 + C3) 250-Bed Capacity – Communications Zone

Officers > 21
Nurses > 21
Enlisted Men > 150
Aggregate : 192
Ambulance, ¾-Ton > 3
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Aggregate : 7 vehicles

Remark: The above Hospital is based on a 250-bed unit, but such unit ranges from 25 to 900 beds. Station Hospitals are assigned in ComZ to provide hospitalization for troops stationed in the Communications Zone. The unit is not mobile. Floor space requirements : 32,000 square feet. Station Hospitals have different organizations according to their bed-capacity, which range from 25 – 50 – 75 – 100 – 150 – 200 – 250 – 300 – 350 – 400 – 450 – 500 – 600 – 700 – 750 – 800 – to 900 beds.

General Laboratory (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Officers > 23
Enlisted Men > 71
Aggregate : 94
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Aggregate : 5 vehicles

Remark: 1 per Theater of Operations, if size of force stationed in the Theater justifies it. The unit conducts extensive epidemiological studies, researches, technical inspections and investigations. It also manufactures biologicals. It is not a mobile unit, but has sufficient transportation for its own supply service.

Medical Depot Organization (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Officers > 7
Enlisted Men > 53
Aggregate : 60
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Optical Repair Unit > 1
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Dental Lab > 1
Aggregate : 7 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: flexible T/O providing storage and issue teams for Optical Repair and Dental Prosthetic Teams, as well as third, fourth and fifth echelon Maintenance Teams for varying troop strengths. The organization shown provides all of subject teams, except fifth echelon maintenance, for a strength of 50,000 to 100,000 men.

Medical Base Depot Company (T/O & E 8-187 dated 29 Jan 44, C1 + C2)

Officers > 3
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 42
Aggregate : 46
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Aggregate : 2 vehicles + 3 trailers

Remark: 1 Company assigned to a Medical Section of a General Depot, or a branch Medical Depot, when requirements do not exceed 100,000 men. Additional Companies may be assigned as increased requirements warrant. Labor for the unit will be furnished by the Quartermaster Labor Pool and transportation by the Quartermaster Transportation Pool. The unit may be augmented by Supply and Maintenance Teams.

Medical Department Service Organization (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Remark: a flexible, variable, cellular type T/O composed of following service units : Headquarters for composite Platoons, Companies, and Battalions. Mess, Service and Auto Mechanic Teams. Motor Ambulance and Veterinary Motor Evacuation Sections. Veterinary and Veterinary Food Inspection Detachments.

Dispensary Units (T/O 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Remark: type units which render outpatient medical service to areas or installations with troop populations from 2,000 to 10,000 (General Dispensaries). This type of unit also provides a smaller Dispensary Section which renders temporary hospitalization for an area or installation with a troop population of only between 1,500 and 3,000. (replaced former T/O 8-650 General Dispensary).

Veterinary General Hospital (T/O & E 8-790 dated 14 May 43, C1 + C2 + C3)

Officers > 10
Enlisted Men > 243
Aggregate : 253
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 4 to 5-Ton, Tractor > 1
Aggregate : 8 vehicles + 1 trailer

Remark: Theater unit, receives patients from ComZ or from other Veterinary Hospitals. Capacity : 500 animals, and 1,000 in an emergency. Located in the Communications Zone or Zone of Interior only.

Veterinary Station Hospital (T/O 8-760 dated 20 Jul 42, C1)

Officers > 6
Enlisted Men > 83
Aggregate : 89
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, 1 ½-Ton, Cargo > 1
Truck 2 ½-Ton, Cargo >1
Aggregate : 3 vehicles

Remark: Theater unit, renders veterinary care to sick or wounded animals. Does not receive casualties from the combat zone. Established in the ComZ when justified by the number of animals in the area. Capacity up to 300 patients. 150-patient unit also provided for in T/O. Average space requirements under tentage : 125 x 125 yards.

Army Air Force Units:

Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron (T/O 8-447 dated 15 Feb 43)

Officers > 6
Nurses > 25
Enlisted Men > 61
Aggregate : 92
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 7
Trailer, 1-Ton, Cargo > 1
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 9
Aggregate : 9 vehicles + 9 trailers

Remark: furnishes Medical Department personnel to Troop Carrier and Air Transport units utilized in evacuation of sick and wounded by air. The unit provides medical care, nursing and treatment during flight. May be assigned or attached to Air Transport Command, Troop Carrier Command, Air Force, Air Transport Command Wing, Air Transport Command Group, and occasionally to an Air Service Command. It consists of Squadron Headquarters, Headquarters and Supply Section, Classification Section, 4 Evacuation Flights (with 6 Air Transport Teams) and functions with Evacuation, Field, and General Hospitals, as well as Embarkation Points and Reception Centers for casualties, located accessible to airfields. (official designation MAETS).

Table illustrating Medical Department Units of the Army Air Forces.

Medical Dispensary Aviation (T/O & E 8-450 dated 27 Oct 43, C1)

Officers > 4
Enlisted Men > 24
Aggregate : 28
Trailer, ¼-Ton > 3
Trailer, 1-Ton, 250-Gal Water Tank > 1
Truck, ¼-Ton > 4
Aggregate : 4 vehicles + 4 trailers

Remark: the unit maintains a 36-bed Dispensary furnishing medical care (except full hospitalization) for Army Air Force bases and organizations which are not provided with or have inadequate medical facilities.

Medical Supply Platoon Aviation (T/O 8-497 dated 26 Jul 43)

Officers > 2
Enlisted Men > 19
Aggregate : 21
Truck, ¼-Ton > 1
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Aggregate : 2 vehicles

Remark: the unit procures, stores and issues medical supplies to AAF medical units served by an Air Depot Group, to which it is normally attached.

Veterinary Detachment Aviation (T/O & E 8-487 dated 25 Nov 43)

Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 3
Aggregate : 4
Truck, ¾-Ton, Command & Reconnaissance > 1
Aggregate : 1 vehicle

Remark: the unit is a flexible and mobile organization designed to inspect all subsistence of animal origin or sources of such foods for an Army Air Force in the field. The basic unit is sufficient to handle 25,000 personnel, and 1 Officer and 2 EM for each additional 25,000 men.

Miscellaneous Medical Units:

Malaria Control Unit (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 11
Aggregate : 12
Truck, ¼-Ton > 2
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Cargo > 2
Truck, 2 ½-Ton, Dump > 2
Aggregate : 8 vehicles

Remark: prepares detailed plans for malaria control measures based on findings of the Malaria Survey Unit and initiates and carries out malaria control measures. The unit also exercises supervision of medical sanitary companies or other military, civilian, or prisoner of war labor, for carrying out the prescribed control measures.

Malaria Survey Unit (T/O & E 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44)

Officers > 2
Enlisted Men > 11
Aggregate : 13
Truck, ¼-Ton > 3
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Aggregate : 4 vehicles

Remark: prepares general and specific surveys of malaria parasite as required to check on the effectiveness of suppressive treatment and control measures. The unit has a mobile Laboratory.

Medical Detachment (T/O 8-500 dated 23 Apr 44) Museum & Medical Arts Service

Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 6
Aggregate : 7
Truck, ¾-Ton, Weapons Carrier > 1
Aggregate : 1 vehicle

Remark: 1 per Theater of 50,000 men or larger. The unit consists of a clinical photographer and artists who record the various types of wounds and new or unusual treatment procedures developing in the field. The unit collects and ships specimen to the Army Medical Museum for scientific and historical purposes.

Medical Ambulance Ship Company (T/O 8-538 dated 27 Oct 42)

Officers > 9
Nurses > 20
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 76
Aggregate : 106
no Vehicles

Remark: 1 per Ambulance Ship, provides professional care and service for sick and wounded evacuated from a Theater of Operations to the Zone of Interior. The unit consists of Administrative and Professional Sections. The ship is not protected by the Geneva Convention due to its mixed cargo and is able to protect itself against aircraft and submarine attacks. Speed is such that it is not necessary to be convoyed. Capacity is 500 patients, personnel can be increased by increments for each additional 100 patients.

Hospital Ship Complement (T/O & E 8-537T dated 7Jul 43, C1)

Officers > 14
Nurses > 34
Warrant Officers > 1
Enlisted Men > 135
Aggregate : 184
no Vehicles

Remark: 1 per Hospital Ship of 500-patients capacity, or larger. The unit may be used in support of landing operations and for evacuation from overseas Theaters of Operations. The Hospital Ship is registered with the International Red Cross (Geneva) for protection and is permitted to transport only patients. Personnel varies with bed capacity, i.e. from 200 to 1,000.

Medical Hospital Ship Platoon, Separate (T/O & E 8-534 dated 21 Oct 43, C1 + C2 + C3)

Officers > 4
Enlisted Men > 30
Aggregate : 34
no Vehicles

Remark: teams of variable composition according to the number of patients (from 25 to 500) to be transported. The unit provides professional care for sick and wounded transported from a Theater of Operations to the Zone of Interior on troop transports or cargo vessels. Nurses are not normally attached (but can be furnished when required, by the overseas Commander originating the evacuation).

Notes:

Some medical units were attached to a Field Army, in accordance with policies of the overseas Theater Commander. They can be listed as follows:

Ambulance Motor Company (Separate)
Clearing Company (Separate) patient capacity > 250
Collecting Company (Separate)
Convalescent Hospital patient capacity > 3,000
Evacuation Hospital patient capacity > 750
Evacuation Hospital (Semimobile) patient capacity > 400
Field Hospital patient capacity > 400
Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Group
Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, Medical Battalion (Separate)
Medical Depot Company
Medical Laboratory
Medical Section (Army Headquarters)
Portable Surgical Hospital patient capacity > 25
Professional Services Unit
Sanitary Company
Veterinary Company
Veterinary Convalescent Hospital patient capacity > 1,000-2,000
Veterinary Evacuation Hospital patient capacity > 150

Medical personnel of an unknown Glider Infantry Regiment stand in front of their CG-4A Glider. September 1944.

Other medical units were attached to a Communications Zone, and either assigned or attached in accordance with policies of the Theater Commander. Here follows a list:

General Dispensary
General Hospital patient capacity > 1,000
General Laboratory
Hospital Center patient capacity > 2,000-20,000
Hospital Train patient capacity > 300 lying
Medical Base Depot Company
Medical Department Concentration Center
Medical Depot Organization
Medical Dispensary
Medical Laboratory
Medical Services Organization
Professional Services Unit
Station Hospital patient capacity > 25-900
Veterinary Company (Separate)
Veterinary Convalescent Hospital patient capacity > 1,000-2,000
Veterinary Evacuation Hospital patient capacity > 150
Veterinary General Hospital patient capacity > 500-1,000
Veterinary Station Hospital patient capacity > 150-300

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